Hélène Tollemer

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26RFa is a novel RFamide peptide originally isolated in the amphibian brain. The 26RFa precursor has been subsequently characterized in various mammalian species but, until now, the anatomical distribution and the molecular forms of 26RFa produced in the CNS of mammals, in particular in human, are unknown. In the present study, we have investigated the(More)
The human urotensin II (UII) precursor encompasses several potential cleavage sites and thus, processing of pro-UII may generate various forms of mature UII including the peptides of 11 (UII11), 16 (UII16) and 19 (UII19) residues. Until now, the native form of human UII had not been characterized. Here, we show that the major UII peptide occurring in the(More)
The novel RFamide peptide 26RFa, the endogenous ligand of the orphan receptor GPR103, affects food intake, locomotion, and activity of the gonadotropic axis. However, little is known regarding the localization of 26RFa receptors. The present report provides the first detailed mapping of 26RFa binding sites and GPR103 mRNA in the rat central nervous system(More)
A number of RFamide peptides have been characterized in invertebrate species and these peptides have been found to exert a broad spectrum of biological activities. In contrast, in vertebrates, our knowledge on RFamide peptides is far more limited and only a few members of the RFamide peptide family have been identified in various vertebrate classes during(More)
The trout possesses two POMC genes as a result of duplication of its genome some 25-100 million years ago. One of the POMC molecules exhibits a unique C-terminal extension of 25 amino acid residues which is not found in any other POMC characterized so far. In order to isolate possible novel peptides derived from trout POMC-A, we have raised antibodies(More)
In the present study, we report the identification, in the frog brain, of a novel neuropeptide, termed 26RFa, that belongs to the RFamide peptide family. The cDNAs encoding the precursors for 26RFa have been characterized in human and rats. In rats, prepro-26RFa mRNA is expressed exclusively in two hypothalamic nuclei involved in the control of feeding(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous work from our laboratory has demonstrated that frog urotensin-II (UII), at a high concentration, inhibits glucose-induced insulin release in the rat pancreas. We have investigated the effect of rat UII and two structural analogs on insulin secretion and searched for the presence of UII-immunoreactivity in rat pancreatic extracts. (More)
The octadecaneuropeptide ODN (QATVGDVNTDRPGLLDLK), a biologically active fragment of diazepam-binding inhibitor, exerts a number of behavioral and neurophysiological activities. The presence of a proline residue in the sequence of ODN led us to investigate the role of proline endopeptidase (PEP) in the catabolism of this neuropeptide. The effect of PEP on(More)
Several vertebrate species which underwent duplication of their genome, such as trout, salmon and Xenopus, possess two proopiomelanocortin (POMC) genes. In the trout, one of the POMC molecules, called POMC-A, exhibits a unique C-terminal extension of 25 amino acids which has no equivalent in other POMCs characterized so far. This C-terminal peptide contains(More)