Hélène Pillet

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PREFACE Sports biomechanics uses the scientific methods of mechanics to study the internal and external forces acting on a human body and the effects produced by these forces in sports activities. It is, therefore, concerned, with the ways in which sports movements are performed, often referred to as sports techniques. With this respect, sports biomechanics(More)
Accurate localisation of the hip joint centre is required to obtain accurate kinematics, kinetics and musculoskeletal modelling results. Literature data showed that conclusions drawn from synthetic data, adult normal subjects and cerebral palsy children may vary markedly. This study investigated the localisation accuracy of the hip joint centre against EOS.(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify consistent features in the signals supplied by a single inertial measurement unit (IMU), or thereof derived, for the identification of foot-strike and foot-off instants of time and for the estimation of stance and stride duration during the maintenance phase of sprint running. Maximal sprint runs were performed on(More)
When using skin markers and stereophotogrammetry for movement analysis, bone pose estimation may be performed using multi-body optimization with the intent of reducing the effect of soft tissue artefacts. When the joint of interest is the knee, improvement of this approach requires defining subject-specific relevant kinematic constraints. The aim of this(More)
Accurate estimation of joint loads implies using subject-specific musculoskeletal models. Moreover, as the lines of action of the muscles are dictated by the soft tissues, which are in turn influenced by gravitational forces, we developed a method to build subject-specific models of the lower limb in a functional standing position. Bones and skin envelope(More)
The estimation of the trajectory of the centre of pressure during gait is possible without using force plate by modelling the whole body as a multi-segment chain. The kinematics and inertial parameters of each segment are necessary to determine the ground reaction forces and moments. The position of the centre of pressure can then be calculated at each(More)
This article proposes a simple and convenient method for assessing the subject-specific rolling resistance acting on a manual wheelchair, which could be used during the provision of clinical service. This method, based on a simple mathematical equation, is sensitive to both the total mass and its fore-aft distribution, which changes with the subject,(More)
Accurate localization of joint centers is essential in movement analysis. However, joint centers cannot be directly palpated and alternative methods must be used. To assess the relative merits of these methods, a medical image based reference should be used. The EOS(®) system, a new low dose bi-planar X-rays imaging technique may be considered. The aim of(More)
PURPOSE Muscles have been proved to be a major component in postural regulation during pathological evolution or aging. Particularly, spinopelvic muscles are recruited for compensatory mechanisms such as pelvic retroversion, or knee flexion. Change in muscles' volume could, therefore, be a marker of greater postural degradation. Yet, it is difficult to(More)
Energy-storing prosthetic feet are designed to store energy during mid-stance motion and to recover it during late-stance motion. Gait analysis is the most commonly used method to characterize prosthetic foot behaviour during walking. In using this method, however, the foot is generally modelled as a rigid body. Therefore, it does not take into account the(More)