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Locating moving objects in a video sequence is the first step of many computer vision applications. Among the various motion-detection techniques, background subtraction methods are commonly implemented, especially for applications relying on a fixed camera. Since the basic inter-frame difference with global threshold is often a too simplistic method, more(More)
We present in this paper a study of unsupervised evaluation criteria that enable the quantification of the quality of an image segmentation result. These evaluation criteria compute some statistics for each region or class in a segmentation result. Such an evaluation criterion can be useful for different applications: the comparison of segmentation results,(More)
1 Abstract In this paper, we present a comparative study of several state of the art background subtraction methods. Approaches ranging from simple background subtraction with global thresholding to more sophisticated statistical methods have been implemented and tested on different videos with ground truth. The goal of this study is to provide a solid(More)
A fluorescent dipeptide was designed to discover glutamine acceptor proteins of transglutaminase. Starting materials for synthesis were the commercially available compounds carbobenzoxy-L-glutaminylglycine (CBZ-Gln-Gly) and monodansylcadaverine (C-DNS) which were coupled to obtain CBZ-Gln-Gly-C-DNS 1 [1-N-(carbobenzoxy-L-glutaminylglycyl)-5-N- (5'-N',(More)
This paper deals with the performance evaluation of three object invariant descriptors: Hu moments, Zernike moments and Fourier-Mellin descriptors. Experiments are conducted on a database of 100 objects extracted from the Columbia Object Image Library (COIL-100). Original images from this database only present geometric transformations. They therefore allow(More)
Forest fires constitute one of the most damaging natural disaster for many countries around the world. Its mechanisms can be studied through forest fire metrology. Despite a large number of proposed algorithms for fire detection, only few works adress the segmentation problem in fire metrology. The main purpose of this paper is to introduce a SVM-based(More)
Asepsis preservation in operating rooms is essential for limiting patient infection by hospital-acquired diseases. For health reasons, surgeons may not be directly in contact with sterile equipment surrounding them, and must instead rely on assistants to interact with these in their place. Gesture-based Human-Computer Interfaces constitute an interesting(More)
In this paper, we propose a vision-based system for human detection and tracking in indoor environment using a static camera. The proposed method is based on object recognition in still images combined with methods using temporal information from the video. Doing that, we improve the performance of the overall system and reduce the task complexity. We first(More)
Oxidative stress appears to play an essential role as a secondary messenger in the normal regulation of a variety of physiological processes, such as apoptosis, survival, and proliferative signaling pathways. Oxidative stress also plays important roles in the pathogenesis of many diseases, including aging, degenerative disease, and cancer. Among cancers,(More)