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The INK4A and the INK4B genes map to chromosome 9p21, an area frequently deleted in bladder neoplasms. In addition to the p16 protein, the INK4A encodes for a second product, termed p19(ARF). We analyzed tissues from 121 patients with initial Ta and T1 tumors. Deletions of the INK4A gene were observed in 17 of 121 (14.1%) cases. Point mutations were(More)
The involvement of human papillomavirus (HPV) in bladder cancer remains controversial. We previously reported detection of L1-HPV DNA in 39% of bladder cancers of mixed grade and stage. To clarify the possible etiologic role of HPV we studied, using the same technique, a more homogeneous group of initial low-stage tumors. We investigated a total of 187(More)
Using monoclonal antibodies, we have identified a series of tumor-associated antigens selectively expressed on tumor subtypes with distinct clinical behaviours. The mucinous antigen M344 and the gp200 surface antigen 19A211 are preferentially expressed on papillary superficial tumors and carcinoma in situ lesions of the bladder. The combination of these two(More)
CEA and cellular mucin antigens have been recognized as potential targets for specific immunotherapy and are frequently expressed in bladder cancer. We studied the coordinated expression of a bladder cancer-associated CEA glycoform and of the mucins MUC1, MUC2 and MAUB under various growth conditions in the MGH-U3 bladder-cancer cell line. CEA and MUC2(More)
BACKGROUND To assess whether the expression of p21, p27, and p53 could predict biochemical failure in prostate cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant androgen deprivation prior to salvage radiotherapy for a rising post-radical prostatectomy (RP) prostate-specific antigen (PSA). METHODS The expression of p21, p27, and p53 was determined by(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical significance of tumor-infiltrating dendritic cells (TIDCs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) as markers of immune response has been reported for many cancers. OBJECTIVE To measure tumor infiltration by CD83(+) dendritic cells (DCs) and CD68(+) macrophages in non-muscle-invasive urothelial cancer (NMIUC) prior to bacillus(More)
Cancer-testis (CT) genes encode proteins that are ideal targets for cancer immunotherapy because of their restricted expression in normal tissues and frequent expression in cancers. We previously observed that MAGE-A9 was one of the CT genes most frequently expressed in bladder tumors. To confirm that observation and evaluate the potential prognostic value(More)
During liver development, the tandem alpha 1-fetoprotein (AFP)/albumin locus is triggered at the AFP end and then asymmetrically enhanced; this is followed by autonomous repression of the AFP-encoding gene. To understand this regulation better, we characterized the two early developmental stage-specific DNase I-hypersensitive (DH) sites so far identified in(More)
mdr1 expression by reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) has been compared to P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and correlated with clinical response to neoadjuvant therapy. RNA has been recovered from glass slide smears of fine-needle aspiration from 57 untreated primary breast cancers prior to neoadjuvant(More)
Chromosome 9 alterations are the most frequently encountered cytologic anomalies in urothelial carcinoma (UC). We previously screened 139 low-stage UCs for loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 9, and identified five distinct regions likely to harbour tumour-suppressor genes. The present study focused on deletion mapping in the 9q22 region with 11 additional(More)