Hélène Goulard

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BACKGROUND Despite the widespread use of medical contraception in France, the prevalence of abortion remains stable. A cross-sectional population-based survey was designed to study the characteristics of current contraceptive use in France, the different types of contraceptive failure, and the reasons reported for not using contraception. METHODS A(More)
Although access to and knowledge of emergency contraception (EC) have improved, numerous unplanned pregnancies occur each year. We thus assessed the remaining barriers to EC use in a population of women seeking an abortion in four abortion centers in France in 2002. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 1365 women. Most women have heard of EC(More)
OBJECTIVES Two years after emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) were made available without prescription in France, we investigated the determinants of ECP use in a representative sample of women at risk for unintended pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN This study is based on data collected from a population-based cohort exploring contraceptive practices and(More)
After reviewing the literature on intrauterine devices (IUDs) published over the last 30 years, we selected and analyzed recent and most relevant (with appropriate methodology design) articles dealing with the risk factors for IUD failure. There is sufficient evidence to conclude that the TCu380 and levonorgestrel-releasing (LNG) IUD are the most effective,(More)
OBJECTIVES Emergency contraception pill (ECP) has recently become available in France without prescription since 1999. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge, attitudes toward, and use of ECP. PATIENTS AND METHODS A national sample of 1639 women were interviewed by telephone randomly selected from the telephone directory. After sending a letter to(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the widespread use of highly effective contraception in France, the incidence of abortion is high. A retrospective population-based cohort study was designed to analyse women's contraceptive history. METHOD We compared the contraceptive use of 163 women, whose last pregnancy ended in abortion, 6 months before, at the time of, 1 month(More)
Since emergency contraception (EC) users have a higher risk sexual profile, they may miss an opportunity for medical counseling if getting EC directly from a pharmacy. However, direct access to emergency contraception through pharmacies has been shown to increase EC use. Informational materials destined for EC users could alert women to the importance to(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this article is to describe conditions of abortions practices in France. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was based on the COCON survey. This survey was carried out among a representative sample of 2863 women aged 18 to 44 living in metropolitan France. Women were interviewed by telephone. The analysis was performed among a sub-sample(More)
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