Hélène Chaussade

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BACKGROUND In industrial countries genotypes 3 and 4 of HEV are detected in swine, wild boar, deer and rabbits, and they are associated with autochthonous infections suggesting the existence of zoonotic HEV infections, compatible with the putative involvement of undercooked pork and big game products as a source of infection. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive infections of the central nervous system (CNS) or digestive tract caused by commensal fungi of the genus Candida are rare and life-threatening. The known risk factors include acquired and inherited immunodeficiencies, with patients often displaying a history of multiple infections. Cases of meningoencephalitis, colitis, or both caused by(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a fecally and orally transmitted human pathogen of worldwide distribution. In industrial countries, HEV is observed in an increasing number of autochthonous cases and is considered to be an emerging pathogen. A growing body of evidence suggests that HEV is a zoonotic disease, and pig handlers and pig veterinarians have been(More)
OBJECTIVES Chronic disseminated candidiasis (CDC) is a disseminated fungal infection that is frequently seen in patients undergoing intensive treatment of haematological malignancies. The first signs of CDC appear during neutrophil recovery. Clinical and physiopathological characteristics of CDC suggest it belongs to the spectrum of fungus-related immune(More)
BACKGROUND Swine pasivirus (SPaV1) is a recently described enteric virus close to human parechoviruses and highly prevalent in pigs. Antibodies to Escherichia coli-expressed VP1 of SpaV1 have been found in a majority of humans in China. OBJECTIVES The objectives were to estimate the antibody prevalence in a European country, to test if exposure to the(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumococcal meningitis (PM) is a major invasive pneumococcal disease. Two pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have been introduced in France: PCV7 was recommended in 2003 and replaced in 2010 by PCV13, which has six additional serotypes. The impact of introducing those vaccines on the evolution of PM case numbers and serotype distributions in(More)
BACKGROUND Mucormycosis are rare fungal infections occurring chiefly in the lung or the rhinocerebral compartment, particularly in patients with immunodeficiency or mellitus diabetes. We report the case of an elderly patient with cutaneous mucormycosis caused by Rhizopus microsporus. PATIENTS AND METHODS An 89-year-old man presented a skin lesion of the(More)
We report a rare case of amebiasis generating 19 large liver abscesses. Such a quantity of abscesses is rare, especially when occurring in a young casual traveler without any immunodeficiency disorders. A possible co-infection was excluded. By contrast, the amebic etiology was confirmed by means of serology and real-time PCR.
BACKGROUND Chronic pruritus, defined as itch persisting more than 6 weeks, is a debilitating problem that affects one in four elderly adults. Emollients are recommended for the management of pruritus, but evidence of efficacy is scarce. OBJECTIVE Assess the efficacy of a Rhealba® Oat Extract-based emollient in the management of chronic pruritus in elderly(More)
OBJECTIVE To define prescription modalities for the use of antibiotics in urology. METHODS A bibliographic research was performed using the MEDLINE database concerning all the antibiotics usable in urology. Treatments were classified by families; modes of action, indications in urology and adverse events have been detailed. Administrative files for(More)