Hélène Carrère

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This paper presents a review of the main sludge treatment techniques used as a pretreatment to anaerobic digestion. These processes include biological (largely thermal phased anaerobic), thermal hydrolysis, mechanical (such as ultrasound, high pressure and lysis), chemical with oxidation (mainly ozonation), and alkali treatments. The first three are the(More)
Macroalgae are biomass resources that represent a valuable feedstock to be used entirely for human consumption or for food additives after some extractions (mainly colloids) and/or for energy production. In order to better develop the algal sector, it is important to determine the capacity of macroalgae to produce these added-values molecules for food(More)
Nowadays there is a growing interest on the use of both lignocellulosic and algae biomass to produce biofuels (i.e. biohydrogen, ethanol and methane), as future alternatives to fossil fuels. In this purpose, thermal and thermo-chemical pretreatments have been widely investigated to overcome the natural physico-chemical barriers of such biomass and to(More)
Hydrolysates resulting from the lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment in bioethanol production may be used to produce biogas. Such hydrolysates are rich in xylose but also contain lignin polymers or oligomers as well as phenolic and furan compounds, such as syringaldehyde, vanillin, HMF, furfural. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of these(More)
Sunflower stalks can be used for the production of methane, but their recalcitrant structure requires the use of thermo-chemical pretreatments. Two thermal (55 and 170°C) and five thermo-chemical pretreatments (NaOH, H(2)O(2), Ca(OH)(2), HCl and FeCl(3)) were carried out, followed by anaerobic digestion. The highest methane production (259 ± 6 mL CH(4)g(-1)(More)
The anaerobic removal of 13 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) was measured in five continuous anaerobic digestors with different feed sludge, in which abiotic losses were neglected. These feeds were chosen to generate different levels of PAH bioavailability and cometabolism within the reactors. Based on the accurate modelling of PAH sorption in(More)
The potential of biogas production from the residues of second generation bioethanol production was investigated taking into consideration two types of pretreatment: lime or alkaline hydrogen peroxide. Bagasse was pretreated, enzymatically hydrolyzed and the wastes from pretreatment and hydrolysis were used to produce biogas. Results have shown that if(More)
In an integrated biorefinery concept, biological hydrogen and methane production from lignocellulosic substrates appears to be one of the most promising alternatives to produce energy from renewable sources. However, lignocellulosic substrates present compositional and structural features that can limit their conversion into biohydrogen and methane. In this(More)
The sorption of hydrophobic micropollutants in sludge is one of the major mechanisms which drive their fate within wastewater treatment systems. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of both sludge and micropollutant characteristics on the equilibria of sorption to particles and to dissolved and colloidal matter (DCM). For this(More)
Because of their rich composition in carbohydrates, lignocellulosic residues represent an interesting source of biomass to produce biohydrogen by dark fermentation. Nevertheless, pretreatments should be applied to enhance the solubilization of holocelluloses and increase their further conversion into biohydrogen. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)