Hélène C. F. Côté

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BACKGROUND Nucleoside analogues can induce toxic effects on mitochondria by inhibiting the human DNA polymerase gamma. The toxic effects can range from increased serum lactate levels to potentially fatal lactic acidosis. We studied changes in mitochondrial DNA relative to nuclear DNA in the peripheral-blood cells of patients with symptomatic,(More)
We examined the prevalence of cleavage site mutations, both within and outside the gag region, in 28 protease inhibitor (PI) cross-resistant patients treated with indinavir, ritonavir, and/or saquinavir compared to control patients treated with reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Three human immunodeficiency virus protease cleavage sites within gag (p2/NC,(More)
INTRODUCTION Ischemia/reperfusion occurs in myocardial infarction, cardiac dysfunction during sepsis, cardiac transplantation and coronary artery bypass grafting, and results in injury to the myocardium. Although reperfusion injury is related to the nature and duration of ischemia, it is also a separate entity that may jeopardize viable cells and ultimately(More)
Understanding the cellular responses caused by metabolic stress is crucial for the design of robust fed-batch bioprocesses that maximize the expression of recombinant proteins. Chinese hamster ovary cells were investigated in chemically defined, serum-free cultures yielding 10(7) cells/mL and up to 500 mg/L recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA).(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of perinatal antiretroviral therapy (ART) on infant mitochondrial function are not well known. We compared blood mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) levels and mtDNA gene expression (mtRNA) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-uninfected, ART-exposed infants born to HIV-positive mothers with mtDNA levels and mtDNA gene expression in control(More)
BACKGROUND Through implementation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) remarkable gains have been achieved in the management of HIV infection; nonetheless, the neurocognitive consequences of infection remain a pivotal concern in the cART era. Research has often employed norm-referenced neuropsychological scores, derived from healthy populations(More)
Statins are generally well tolerated, but can cause myopathy and have been associated with mitochondrial abnormalities. The aim of this study was to determine whether muscle mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) levels are altered during statin therapy. We retrospectively quantified mtDNA in 86 skeletal muscle biopsy specimens collected as part of a previously(More)
OBJECTIVES Stavudine is widely used in Thailand and is associated with mitochondrial toxicity. Here, we evaluated the effect of switching from stavudine/didanosine to tenofovir/lamivudine on measures of metabolic and mitochondrial toxicity in Thai patients. METHODS Thirty-five Thai patients with full HIV RNA suppression were switched from(More)
In recent years, research into nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-related mitochondrial (mt) toxicity in HIV therapy has led to conflicting results and many unanswered questions regarding the molecular mechanisms that lead to such toxicity. From the early hypothesis that inhibition of the human mt polymerase gamma by NRTls was responsible for(More)