Hélène Birbes

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Our previous results have indicated that the major cellular pool of sphingomyelin present on the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane is not involved in the ceramide pathway of apoptosis. Thus, in this study we aimed at defining which intracellular pools of sphingomyelin and ceramide are involved in cell death. The bacterial sphingomyelinase (SMase) gene(More)
This study was designed to analyze whether ceramide, a bioeffector of growth suppression, plays a role in the regulation of telomerase activity in A549 cells. Telomerase activity was inhibited significantly by exogenous C(6)-ceramide, but not by the biologically inactive analog dihydro-C(6)-ceramide, in a time- and dose-dependent manner, with 85% inhibition(More)
N-cadherin is a major adhesion molecule involved in the development and plasticity of the nervous system. N-cadherin-mediated cell adhesion regulates neuroepithelial cell polarity, neuronal precursor migration, growth cone migration and synaptic plasticity. In vitro, it has been involved in signaling events regulating processes such as cell mobility,(More)
We have previously purified a membrane-bound ceramidase from rat brain and recently cloned the human homologue. We also observed that the same enzyme is able to catalyze the reverse reaction of ceramide synthesis. To obtain insight into the biochemistry of this enzyme, we characterized in this study this reverse activity. Using sphingosine and palmitic acid(More)
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