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BACKGROUND Morphine possesses immunomodulatory effects but its intrinsic mechanisms, especially in the toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) signaling pathway, are only partially understood. In this study, we evaluated the effects of morphine on tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) production in TLR2-stimulated human monocytes(More)
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol that protects from cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Resveratrol is able to induce apoptotic cell death and it inhibits the cyclooxygenase (COX) cascade. We measured the antinociceptive effect of resveratrol on carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia, prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2) concentration in CSF and COX-1/COX-2 gene expression(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to characterize the nature of analgesic interaction between nefopam and morphine administered i.v. for postoperative pain after minor surgery. To do so, we defined the median effective analgesic dose (ED(50)) for each drug and also the median ED(50) of their combination and compared them using the isobolographic method.(More)
BACKGROUND The authors previously showed that bupivacaine and tetrodotoxin via contralateral or ipsilateral sciatic block, but not systemically, attenuate local edema and hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan hind paw injection in rats. Bupivacaine, by all three routes, suppressed systemic cytokine activation, whereas tetrodotoxin was ineffective by all three(More)
Quantitative T2 relaxation and diffusion imaging studies of a rat muscle edema model were performed in order to determine the effects of intra- and extracellular water compartmentation on the respective decay curves. The right hind paw of rats was injected with a carrageenan solution to generate edematous muscle. A Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) imaging(More)
BACKGROUND The analgesic efficacy of ketoprofen has been shown after moderate- and severe-pain surgery, and the analgesic efficacy of nefopam has been shown after moderate-pain surgery. The aim of this study was to define the median effective analgesic doses of each drug and to determine whether the interaction of nefopam and of ketoprofen is synergistic.(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid infusion of lipid emulsion has been proposed to treat local anesthetic toxicity. The authors wanted to test the buffering properties of two commercially available emulsions made of long- and of long- and medium-chain triglycerides. METHODS Using the shake-flask method, the authors measured the solubility and binding of racemic(More)
The diffusion coefficient of lipids, D(l), within bone marrow, fat deposits and metabolically active intracellular lipids in vivo will depend on several factors including the precise chemical composition of the lipid distribution (chain lengths, degree of unsaturation, etc.) as well as the temperature. As such, D(l) may ultimately prove of value in(More)
BACKGROUND There is considerable variability in the inter-patient response to norepinephrine. Pharmacokinetic studies of dopamine infusion in volunteers and in patients have also shown large variability. The purpose of this study was to define the pharmacokinetics of norepinephrine in septic shock and trauma patients. METHODS After Ethical Committee(More)
BACKGROUND The transversus abdominis plane block has become popular since it has been combined with ultrasound-guided techniques. In abdominal surgery, and especially in subumbilical surgery, it improves postoperative analgesia and reduces morphine consumption. Although it has been shown to be an effective technique, there are wide variations in reported(More)