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BACKGROUND The authors previously showed that bupivacaine and tetrodotoxin via contralateral or ipsilateral sciatic block, but not systemically, attenuate local edema and hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan hind paw injection in rats. Bupivacaine, by all three routes, suppressed systemic cytokine activation, whereas tetrodotoxin was ineffective by all three(More)
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol that protects from cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Resveratrol is able to induce apoptotic cell death and it inhibits the cyclooxygenase (COX) cascade. We measured the antinociceptive effect of resveratrol on carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia, prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2) concentration in CSF and COX-1/COX-2 gene expression(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid infusion of lipid emulsion has been proposed to treat local anesthetic toxicity. The authors wanted to test the buffering properties of two commercially available emulsions made of long- and of long- and medium-chain triglycerides. METHODS Using the shake-flask method, the authors measured the solubility and binding of racemic(More)
BACKGROUND The pharmacokinetic properties of remifentanil may allow a rapid analgesic action during painful procedures and short lasting postoperative respiratory depression. METHODS We carried out a randomized, blind, study in 60 patients to compare remifentanil (continuous i.v. infusion starting at 0.025 micro g kg(-1) min(-1)) and sufentanil (i.v.(More)
BACKGROUND The transversus abdominis plane block has become popular since it has been combined with ultrasound-guided techniques. In abdominal surgery, and especially in subumbilical surgery, it improves postoperative analgesia and reduces morphine consumption. Although it has been shown to be an effective technique, there are wide variations in reported(More)
BACKGROUND Morphine possesses immunomodulatory effects but its intrinsic mechanisms, especially in the toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) signaling pathway, are only partially understood. In this study, we evaluated the effects of morphine on tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) production in TLR2-stimulated human monocytes(More)
We aimed to study the effect of bupivacaine on the systemic response elicited by intraplantar injection of carrageenan. To that purpose, we studied the effects of carrageenan, bupivacaine, or both on the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and IL-10 by whole blood cultured in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and(More)
Quantitative T2 relaxation and diffusion imaging studies of a rat muscle edema model were performed in order to determine the effects of intra- and extracellular water compartmentation on the respective decay curves. The right hind paw of rats was injected with a carrageenan solution to generate edematous muscle. A Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) imaging(More)
BACKGROUND Local anesthetics exert antiinflammatory actions. To elucidate potential mechanisms, the authors examined effects of bupivacaine or tetrodotoxin, administered to rats by ipsilateral or contralateral sciatic blockade or systemically, on carrageenan-induced hind paw hyperalgesia, edema, and stimulated cytokine production in circulating blood cells.(More)
BACKGROUND The analgesic efficacy of ketoprofen has been shown after moderate- and severe-pain surgery, and the analgesic efficacy of nefopam has been shown after moderate-pain surgery. The aim of this study was to define the median effective analgesic doses of each drug and to determine whether the interaction of nefopam and of ketoprofen is synergistic.(More)