Hélène Bachelard

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The time courses of incorporation of 13C from 13C-labelled glucose or acetate into cerebral amino acids (glutamate, glutamine and 4-aminobutyrate) and lactate were monitored by using 13C-n.m.r. spectroscopy. When [1-13C]glucose was used as precursor the C-2 of 4-aminobutyrate was more highly labelled than the analogous C-4 of glutamate, whereas no label was(More)
Time courses of incorporation of 13C from 13C-labelled glucose and/or acetate into the individual carbon atoms of amino acids, citrate and lactate in depolarized cerebral tissues were monitored by using 13C-n.m.r. spectroscopy. There was no change in the maximum percentage of 13C enrichments of the amino acids on depolarization, but the maxima were reached(More)
Local CBF (LCBF) was compared with the corresponding local tissue concentration of ATP, phosphocreatine (PCr), and lactate in anaesthetized baboons subjected to focal ischaemia produced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). LCBF hydrogen electrodes were implanted in cortical regions where MCAO had been previously shown to produce severe and penumbral(More)
Glial-neuronal interchange of amino acids was studied by 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of brain extracts from fluoroacetate-treated mice that received [1,2-(13)C]acetate and [1-(13)C]glucose simultaneously. [13C]Acetate was found to be a specific marker for glial metabolism even with the large doses necessary for nuclear magnetic resonance(More)
AIMS Extracellular nucleotides are vasoactive molecules. The concentrations of these molecules are regulated by ectonucleotidases. In this study, we investigated the role of the blood vessel ectonucleotidase NTPDase1, in the vasoconstrictor effect of nucleotides using Entpd1(-/-) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Immunofluorescence, enzyme histochemistry, and(More)
The effects of hypoxia and hypoglycaemia on the redox state in vitro have been studied. NADH and NAD+ were extracted simultaneously from superfused cerebral cortex slices and assayed by bioluminescence. The results show a nonsignificant increase in NADH and the redox ratio in "mild hypoxia," whereas "severe hypoxia" produced an increase of over 200% in NADH(More)
Measurement by (13)C magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of the incorporation of label from [1-(13)C] glucose, initially into C4 of glutamate, allows the regional tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle flux (F(TCA)) to be determined in the human brain. In this study, a direct (13)C MRS approach was used at 3T, with NOE enhancement and (1)H decoupling with(More)
31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of superfused cerebral tissues were obtained under normal, hypoglycaemic, and hypoxic conditions. Concentrations of free intracellular magnesium were calculated from differences in chemical shifts between the alpha- and beta-resonances of the nucleoside phosphates. Control levels of 0.33 mM were significantly increased(More)