Hélène A Elicha Gussin

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the presence and clinical significance of anti-Scl-70 antibodies in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS Levels of antibodies against Scl-70 were determined by a commercial clinical enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) during routine evaluation. Results were verified by an additional ELISA with a(More)
Functionalization of highly fluorescent CdSe/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals (quantum dots, qdots) is an emerging technology for labeling cell surface proteins. We have synthesized a conjugate consisting of approximately 150-200 muscimols (a GABA receptor agonist) covalently joined to the qdot via a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) linker (approximately 78 ethylene(More)
The homopentameric rho1 GABA(C) receptor is a ligand-gated ion channel with a binding pocket for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) at the interfaces of N-terminal extracellular domains. We combined evolutionary analysis, structural modeling, and experimental testing to study determinants of GABA(C) receptor assembly and channel gating. We estimated the(More)
About 20% of patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations are readmitted within 30 days. High 30-day risk-standardized readmission rates after COPD exacerbations will likely place hospitals at risk for financial penalties from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services starting in fiscal year 2015. Factors(More)
RATIONALE Approximately 20% of patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbations in the United States will be readmitted within 30 days. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has recently proposed to revise the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program to financially penalize hospitals with high all-cause 30-day rehospitalization rates after a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether primitive endothelial precursor cells are present in the peripheral blood of pregnant compared with nonpregnant subjects and whether these precursor cells are of fetal or maternal origin. METHODS Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 13 pregnant women in the second trimester and from ten nonpregnant women and men were(More)
Highly fluorescent CdSe quantum dots (qdots) can serve as a platform for tethering multiple copies of a receptor-targeted ligand, affording study of how the level of multivalency affects receptor binding. We previously showed that qdots conjugated with long PEG chains terminated by muscimol, a known GABA(C) agonist, exhibit specific binding to the surface(More)
Bovine antigens are routinely used in indirect ELISA tests to detect autoantibodies against extractable nuclear antigens (ENA). Here we investigate the difference in clinical sensitivity between ELISA tests prepared with native human and bovine antigens. SSA and SSB were obtained from spleen and nRNP/Sm complex from thymus. Each antigen was extracted with(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish optimal culture conditions for fetal endothelial cells, and determine whether these can be used for preferential expansion of fetal cells from maternal blood. METHODS Human adult microvascular and umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured in the presence of colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1), placental growth factor (PlGF),(More)
OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that fetal cells in maternal blood that do not respond to hematopoietic culture conditions represent endothelial cells. We investigated whether endothelial progenitor cells of fetal origin may be selected from maternal blood on the basis of their expression of CD133 or CD105 and expanded in culture. METHODS Peripheral blood(More)