Héctor Valderrama-Carvajal

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Spinal muscular atrophy is an autosomal-recessive neuromuscular disease caused by disruption of the survival of motor neuron (SMN) gene, which promotes cytoplasmic assembly of the splicing core machinery. It remains unclear how a deficiency in SMN results in a disorder leading to selective degeneration of lower motor neurons. We report here that SMN(More)
Mutations that cause constitutive activation of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) result in skeletal disorders that are characterized by short-limbed dwarfism and premature closure of cranial sutures. In previous work, it was shown that congenital deficiency of FGFR3 led to skeletal overgrowth. Using a combination of imaging, classic histology and(More)
BACKGROUND Many cystic fibrosis (CF) patients display airway hyperresponsiveness and have symptoms of asthma such as cough, wheezing and reversible airway obstruction. Chronic airway bacterial colonization, associated with neutrophilic inflammation and high levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) is also a common occurrence in these patients. The aim of this work(More)
Members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family regulate fundamental physiological processes, such as cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis, in almost all cell types. As a result, defects in TGF-beta signalling pathways have been linked to uncontrolled cellular proliferation and carcinogenesis. Here, we explored the signal transduction(More)
In this study, we investigated the diagnostic value of serum death decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The possible pathogenic role of DcR3 in SLE was also assessed. Serum DcR3 levels of 90 SLE patients, 11 patients with rheumatic conditions and 123 healthy controls were determined by ELISA. In all, 43% of the SLE patients, 9% of(More)
Helminth parasites are a diverse group of multicellular organisms. Despite their heterogeneity, helminths share many common characteristics, such as the modulation of the immune system of their hosts towards a permissive state that favors their development. They induce strong Th2-like responses with high levels of IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13 cytokines, and(More)
The peptide, endothelin-1 (ET-1) regulates proliferative responses in numerous cell types. Recently, a dual ET receptor antagonist was shown to prevent the increase in airway smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation that accompanies airway smooth muscle remodeling in a rat model of experimental asthma. Thus, we used [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation assays and(More)
C-type lectins are multifunctional sugar-binding molecules expressed on dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages that internalize antigens for processing and presentation. Macrophage galactose-type lectin 1 (MGL1) recognizes glycoconjugates expressing Lewis X structures which contain galactose residues, and it is selectively expressed on immature DCs and(More)
Pno1 is a protein that plays a role in proteasome and ribosome neogenesis in yeast. So far, its functions in mammalian cells have not been investigated. To understand its function in mammals, we performed in situ hybridization analysis of Pno1 expression in different development stages and generated Pno1 gene knockout (KO) and transgenic (Tg) mice lineages.(More)
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