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Efforts to accurately measure rates of reabuse have been elusive because of problems in definition and methodology. The present study examines reabuse rates across a 5-year follow-up period in a sample of children assessed for child abuse (October 1986-October 1987). Participants consisted of 304 children (7 months-15 years of age), systematically selected(More)
A very specific L-arginine transporter showing high affinity has been characterized in Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes. Uptake was found to be dependent on L-arginine concentration and it was saturable. Values for maximum velocity and Km ranged between 48.1-57.5 pmol.min-1 per 3 x 10(7) cells and between 4.2-5.5 microM, respectively. The calculated(More)
Cytochrome P450 hemoproteins (CYPs) are involved in the synthesis of endogenous compounds such as steroids, fatty acids and prostaglandins as well as in the activation and detoxification of foreign compounds including therapeutic drugs. Cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR, E.C.1.6.2.4) transfers electrons from NADPH to a number of hemoproteins such as CYPs,(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi adenylyl cyclases are encoded by a large polymorphic gene family. Although several genes have been identified in this parasite, little is known about the properties and regulation of these enzymes. Here we report the cloning and characterization of TczAC, a novel member of T. cruzi adenylyl cyclase family. The TczAC gene is expressed in(More)
It is expected that the next generation of biotech crops displaying enhanced quality traits with benefits to both farmers and consumers will have a better acceptance than first generation biotech crops and will improve public perception of genetic engineering. This will only be true if they are proven to be as safe as traditionally bred crops. In contrast(More)
A poly-zinc finger protein, designated PZFP1 was identified in Trypanosoma cruzi for the first time. The protein has 191 amino acids, contains seven motifs Cys(X)(2)Cys(X)(4)His(X)(4)Cys. A recombinant PZFP1 was generated in E. coli and the expected 21kDa polypeptide co-purified with two other inducible products of about 42 and 63kDa. Western blot analysis(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, a protozoan responsible for the American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), multiplies and differentiates in the gut of triatomine insect vectors. The effects of hemoglobin and synthetic peptides carrying alpha D-globin fragments on both the growth and the transformation of T. cruzi epimastigotes (noninfective) into metacyclic(More)
The spatial, temporal, and hormonal pattern of expression of the beta-casein gene is highly regulated and confined to the epithelial cells of the lactating mammary gland. Previous studies have shown that 1.7 kb of the bovine beta-casein promoter were able to drive cell-specific and hormone-dependent expression to a mouse mammary cell line but failed to(More)
Phorbol ester binding was studied in protein kinase C-containing extracts obtained from Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigote forms. Specific 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate, [3H]PMA, or 12,13-O-dibutyryl phorbol, [3H]PDBu, binding activities, determined in T. cruzi epimastigote membranes, were dependent on ester concentration with a Kd of 9x10(-8) M and(More)
Introduction and Purpose of the Study Scientific literacy for all students has been a major educational goal in the United States understanding of science makes it possible to discuss scientific issues that affect society, to use scientific knowledge and processes in making personal decisions, and to share in the excitement of scientific discovery and(More)