Héctor Toledo

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The hamster gene encoding the 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (Grp78) was expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with glutathione S-transferase. After induction with isopropyl beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside, the recombinant Grp78 was purified to homogeneity by affinity column chromatography of the fusion protein followed by thrombin cleavage. The(More)
By proteomic analysis we found a 21-kDa protein (P21) from Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ATCC 19859 whose synthesis was greatly increased by growth of the bacteria in pyrite, thiosulfate, elemental sulfur, CuS, and ZnS and was almost completely repressed by growth in ferrous iron. After we determined the N-terminal amino acid sequence of P21, we used the(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial genomes are compacted by association with histone-like proteins to form a complex known as bacterial chromatin. The histone-like protein HU is capable of binding and bending the DNA molecule, a function related to compaction, protection, and regulation of gene expression. In Helicobacter pylori, HU is the only histone-like protein(More)
OBJECTIVE to compare the concentration and serotype of Streptococcus mutans in saliva of Down syndrome (DS), mental retarded (MR) and healthy control (C) individuals of the Región Metropolitana Sur of Santiago of Chile. DESIGN OF THE STUDY Hundred and seventy nine male and females children and adolescents, aged between 5 to 19 years, 59 DS, 60 MR and 60 C(More)
Helicobacter pylori ATCC43504 responds chemotactically to aspartic acid and serine, but not to arginine, nor to sodium bicarbonate. In contrast, H. pylori ATCC700392 (strain 26695) shows chemotaxis to all four attractants. Open reading frame HP0099 from H. pylori 26695 is predicted to encode one of three methyl-accepting chemotaxis receptor proteins (MCPs).(More)
About half of the human population is infected with Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium causing gastritis, peptic ulcer and progression to gastric cancer. Chemotaxis and flagellar motility are required for colonization and persistence of H. pylori in the gastric mucus layer. It is not completely clear which chemical gradients are used by H. pylori to maintain(More)
We have cloned and sequenced a 2,262-bp chromosomal DNA fragment from the chemolithoautotrophic acidophilic bacterium Leptospirillum ferrooxidans. This DNA contained an open reading frame for a 577-amino-acid protein showing several characteristics of the bacterial chemoreceptors and, therefore, we named this gene lcrI for Leptospirillum chemotaxis receptor(More)
The characteristics of phosphorylation of the 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (Grp78), also known as the immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein, were studied in vitro and in vivo. The purified protein from either calf liver or bovine kidney cells (MDBK) could be phosphorylated in vitro with [gamma-32P]ATP, in a reaction that is stimulated by Ca2+ and(More)
X-ray diffraction data on a few retroviral integrases show a flexible loop near the active site. By sequence alignment, the peptide region 207-218 of Mo-MLV IN appears to correspond to this flexible loop. In this study, residues H208, Y211, R212, Q214, S215 and S216 of Mo-MLV IN were mutated to determine their role on enzyme activity. We found that Y211A,(More)
BACKGROUND  Helicobacter pylori colonizes the acid environment of the gastric mucosa. Like other enteric bacterial pathogens, including Salmonella enterica, which must survive a brief exposure to that environment, H. pylori displays a rapid response to subtle changes in pH, which confers an increased ability to survive at more extreme acidic pH. This(More)