Héctor Fernández-Varela

Learn More
A randomized clinical trial was completed to compare the efficacy of a mixed diet composed of locally available foods versus a lactose-free, soy-based formula for the management of young Mexican children with acute diarrhea and dehydration. A total of 87 patients between 5 and 36 months of age received either a blended mixed diet containing rice, chicken,(More)
Parental influences on youth drinking are well documented but not the influence of extended family members. This article explores extended family influences on alcohol use among Mexican youths and whether extended family members can be considered natural mentors. We conducted a qualitative study using ethnographic open ended interviews with 117 first year(More)
Parental monitoring has been described as a protective factor and useful strategy to prevent substance misuse among youths. The aim of this study was to examine whether perceived parental monitoring influences frequency of alcohol use, age of drinking onset and risky drinking among entering public high school and university students in Mexico City. The(More)
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS To assess risk factors for illegal substances use initiation in a cohort of Mexican high-school teenage students. DESIGN AND METHODS Longitudinal study of a cohort of 10th grade students, with follow up at the time of their enrolment in college (3-4 year follow up). The associations of parental educational level, alcohol abuse in the(More)
The construct of familismo has been identified as a potential protective cultural value in Hispanic cultures. This paper considers familismo and alcohol use among young people in Mexico. We conducted a qualitative study using ethnographic open ended interviews with 117 first year students at a large free public university in Mexico City between April-May(More)
The safety and efficacy of a rice-based oral rehydration salt (ORS) solution for the treatment of acute diarrhea in infants < 6 months of age was compared to those of a standard glucose-based ORS solution. A total of 97 infants aged 1-6 months who had a history of acute diarrhea for 120 h or less and showed signs of mild to moderate dehydration and no(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences, identify drinking profiles using latent profile analysis (LPA), and investigate associations between profiles and violent victimization among young people in Mexico. METHODS LPA identified profiles of drinking behavior in a survey of entering(More)
Aims This study aimed to examine alcohol, tobacco or marijuana use onset and associations between age of onset and current use, and between age of onset and current polysubstance use among a sample of Mexican young people aged 17-20 years. Methods Alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other substance use were identified in a 2012 cross-sectional survey of male(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol use and misuse is widespread among university students in many countries. Specific cultural factors may impact alcohol use after entering university. OBJECTIVE This paper considers changes in alcohol use among first year university students in Mexico. METHODS A qualitative study using ethnographic interviews with 57 female and 60 male(More)