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The migration of human monocytes across unactivated and activated human umbilical vein endothelium (HUVE) in response to chemotactic factors was studied, and the adhesion molecules involved were characterized. Migration of blood monocytes or U937 cell line-derived monocytes across unactivated HUVE induced by C5a, was partially inhibited (by 75%) by mAbs(More)
Stress and immune activation are associated with increases in plasma concentrations of corticosterone (CS). To determine whether the catecholaminergic innervation of neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is involved in these responses, selective lesions were made using 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Injection of 6-OHDA into the PVN depleted(More)
1. 3H-gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) release elicited by a depolarizing K+ stimulus or by noradrenergic transmitter was examined in rat pineals in vitro. 2. The release of 3H-GABA was detectable at a 20 mM K+ concentration in medium and increased steadily up to 80 mM K+. 3. In a Ca2+-free medium 3H-GABA release elicited by 30 mM K+, but not that elicited by(More)
Monocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) migrate across cytokine (interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor) activated endothelium or unstimulated endothelium in response to chemotactic factors in vitro and in vivo utilizing the CD11/CD18 (i.e., beta 2 integrin) adhesion molecule complex. However, in vivo studies have suggested that under some(More)
The effect of melatonin injection on norepinephrine (NE) turnover rate in rat pineal gland was estimated from the decline of tissue NE levels after the injection of the tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine. The administration of a single injection of 300 micrograms/Kg of melatonin at the beginning of the scotophase induced, 3 hr later, a(More)
We studied the phenotypic characteristics of spontaneously migrated skin dendritic cells (sDC) and monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDC), generated under different culture conditions, and their interactions with fibronectin (FN) and endothelial cells. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells were obtained after culturing monocytes with granulocyte-macrophage(More)
Serine leucocyte proteinase inhibitor (SLPI) is the main serine proteinase inhibitor produced by epithelial cells and has been shown to be a pleiotropic molecule with anti-inflammatory and microbicidal activities. However, the role of SLPI on the adaptive immune response is not well established. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of SLPI on lymphocyte(More)
The time course for the decrease in norepinephrine concentration of rat pineal explants in culture indicated a significant fall starting at the 4th hour and completed after 16-24 h of incubation. Significant decreases of serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (HIAA) levels in tissue, an increase of HIAA/serotonin ratio, and an increase of melatonin(More)
GABA is present in the pineal gland of several mammals, where it is synthesized in situ as well as taken up from the circulation. This article reviews available information suggesting a local, physiological role of pineal GABA. Both the pinealocytes and the glial pineal cells have the capacity to take up GABA from the extracellular space. The GABA(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been shown to activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and to elevate cerebral concentrations of tryptophan and the norepinephrine catabolite, 3-methoxy,4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (MHPG). Eicosanoids have been shown to be involved in a number of the effects of IL-1, but their role in the activation of the HPA axis(More)