Håvard Jenssen

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Antimicrobial host defense peptides are produced by all complex organisms as well as some microbes and have diverse and complex antimicrobial activities. Collectively these peptides demonstrate a broad range of antiviral and antibacterial activities and modes of action, and it is important to distinguish between direct microbicidal and indirect activities(More)
The rise of antibiotic resistant pathogens is one of the most pressing global health issues. Discovery of new classes of antibiotics has not kept pace; new agents often suffer from cross-resistance to existing agents of similar structure. Short, cationic peptides with antimicrobial activity are essential to the host defenses of many organisms and represent(More)
With the rapid rise in the incidence of multidrug resistant infections, there is substantial interest in host defense peptides as templates for production of new antimicrobial therapeutics. Natural peptides are multifunctional mediators of the innate immune response, with some direct antimicrobial activity and diverse immunomodulatory properties. We have(More)
Lactoferrin (LF) is a multifunctional glycoprotein, which plays an important role in immune regulation and defense mechanisms against bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Lactoferricin (Lfcin) is a potent antimicrobial peptide generated from the N-terminal part of LF by pepsin cleavage. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of the anti-herpes simplex virus(More)
The drastic increase in multi-drug-resistant bacteria has created an urgent need for new therapeutic interventions, including antimicrobial peptides, an interesting template for novel drug development. However, the process of optimizing peptide antimicrobial activity and specificity using large peptide libraries is both tedious and expensive. Here we(More)
There is an urgent need to coat the surfaces of medical devices, including implants, with antimicrobial agents to reduce the risk of infection. A peptide array technology was modified to permit the screening of short peptides for antimicrobial activity while tethered to a surface. Cellulose-amino-hydroxypropyl ether (CAPE) linker chemistry was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Protozoan parasites, such as Leishmania, still pose an enormous public health problem in many countries throughout the world. Current measures are outdated and have some associated drug resistance, prompting the search into novel therapies. Several innovative approaches are under investigation, including the utilization of host defence peptides(More)
Lactoferrin (LF) is a multifunctional glycoprotein, which plays an important role in immune regulation and defense mechanisms against bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Upon peptic digestion of LF, a peptide called lactoferricin (Lfcin) is generated. Lfcin corresponds to the N-terminal part of the protein. In this study we investigated the antiviral activity of(More)
The structure and function of the synthetic innate defense regulator peptide 1018 was investigated. This 12 residue synthetic peptide derived by substantial modification of the bovine cathelicidin bactenecin has enhanced innate immune regulatory and moderate direct antibacterial activities. The solution state NMR structure of 1018 in zwitterionic dodecyl(More)
There has been an increased demand for the development of novel vaccine adjuvants that lead to enhanced induction of protection from infectious challenges and development of immunological memory. A novel vaccine adjuvant was developed comprising a complex containing CpG oligonucleotide and the synthetic cationic innate defence regulator peptide HH2 that has(More)