Håvard Attramadal

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Homologous or agonist-specific desensitization of beta 2-adrenergic receptors (beta 2AR) is mediated by the beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (beta ARK) which specifically phosphorylates the agonist-occupied form of the receptor. However, the capacity of beta ARK-phosphorylated beta 2AR to stimulate Gs in a reconstituted system is only minimally impaired.(More)
The G-protein-coupled lactate receptor, GPR81 (HCA1), is known to promote lipid storage in adipocytes by downregulating cAMP levels. Here, we show that GPR81 is also present in the mammalian brain, including regions of the cerebral neocortex and hippocampus, where it can be activated by physiological concentrations of lactate and by the specific GPR81(More)
beta-Adrenergic receptor kinase (beta ARK) and beta-arrestin function in the homologous or agonist-activated desensitization of G protein-coupled receptors. The isoforms beta ARK-2 and beta-arrestin-2 are highly enriched in and localized to the dendritic knobs and cilia of the olfactory receptor neurons where the initial events of olfactory signal(More)
The effects of endothelin (ET) are mediated via the G protein-coupled receptors ET(A) and ET(B). However, the mechanisms of ET receptor desensitization, internalization, and intracellular trafficking are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of ET receptor regulation and to characterize the intracellular(More)
BACKGROUND Increased plasma adrenomedullin (ADM) levels have been reported in congestive heart failure (HF). The present study was designed to investigate myocardial regulation of the different components of the ADM signaling system (ADM, ADM receptor, and receptor-activity-modifying protein-2, RAMP-2) during ischemic HF in rats and to identify the cells in(More)
Myocardial G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) has been shown to be involved in the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure (CHF). However, the cellular distribution of this isoform, as well as the other isoforms of the GRK-arrestin system, has not been studied in myocardial tissue. Thus myocardial expression and cellular distribution of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac remodelling associated with congestive heart failure typically involves dilatation of the ventricular cavities, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and alterations of extracellular matrix. Biglycan is an extracellular proteoglycan with several recently appreciated functions including cell adhesion, collagen fibril assembly, and growth factor(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in different animal models and plasma analyses in humans suggest that members of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) cytokine family may be involved in the pathogenesis of congestive heart failure (CHF). Accordingly, we have examined IL-6-related cytokines in chronic CHF in humans by analysing gene and protein expression in myocardium derived from(More)
The pathophysiologic mechanisms of myocardial remodeling in heart failure (HF) remain poorly understood. Using differential mRNA display of myocardial tissue from rats with ischemic HF vs. controls we identified robust myocardial induction of the mRNA encoding connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). The aim of this study was to investigate the sites of(More)
Although exercise training has been demonstrated to have beneficial cardiovascular effects in diabetes, the effect of exercise training on hearts from obese/diabetic models is unclear. In the present study, mice were fed a high-fat diet, which led to obesity, reduced aerobic capacity, development of mild diastolic dysfunction, and impaired glucose(More)