Håkan Westerblad

Learn More
Repeated, intense use of muscles leads to a decline in performance known as muscle fatigue. Many muscle properties change during fatigue including the action potential, extracellular and intracellular ions, and many intracellular metabolites. A range of mechanisms have been identified that contribute to the decline of performance. The traditional(More)
1. We used intact single fibres from a mouse foot muscle to study the role of oxidation-reduction in the modulation of contractile function. 2. The oxidant hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, 100-300 microM) for brief periods did not change myoplasmic Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) during submaximal tetani. However, force increased by 27 % during the same contractions.(More)
Prolonged activation of skeletal muscle leads to a decline of force production known as fatigue. In this review we outline the ionic and metabolic changes that occur in muscle during prolonged activity and focus on how these changes might lead to reduced force. We discuss two distinct types of fatigue: fatigue due to continuous high-frequency stimulation(More)
The respiratory and limb skeletal muscles become weakened in sepsis, congestive heart failure, and other inflammatory diseases. A potential mediator of muscle weakness is tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, a cytokine that can stimulate muscle wasting and also can induce contractile dysfunction without overt catabolism. This study addressed the latter(More)
Low-frequency fatigue is a form of muscle fatigue that follows intense muscle activity and is characterized by reduced tetanic tension at low frequencies of stimulation while tetanic tension at high stimulus frequencies is close to normal. The present experiments were performed on isolated single fibers of mouse in which tension and intracellular calcium(More)
Dietary inorganic nitrate has profound effects on health and physiological responses to exercise. Here, we examined if nitrate, in doses readily achievable via a normal diet, could improve Ca(2+) handling and contractile function using fast- and slow-twitch skeletal muscles from C57bl/6 male mice given 1 mm sodium nitrate in water for 7 days. Age matched(More)
Measurements of the intracellular free concentration of Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) were performed during fatiguing stimulation of intact, single muscle fibers, which were dissected from a mouse foot muscle and loaded with fura-2. Fatigue, which was produced by repeated 100-Hz tetani, generally occurred in three phases. Initially, tension declined rapidly to(More)
Precise apposition of pre- to postsynaptic specializations is required for optimal function of chemical synapses, but little is known about how it is achieved. At the skeletal neuromuscular junction, active zones (transmitter release sites) in the nerve terminal lie directly opposite junctional folds in the postsynaptic membrane. Few active zones or(More)
1. Isometric tension responses to electrical stimulation have been studied at 7.5 37.5 degrees C in single, intact fibres of the flexor digitorum brevis muscle of the mouse. A large number of reproducible tetani could be obtained at temperatures less than or equal to 35 degrees C. 2. The tetanic force per cross-sectional area generated at 25.0 degrees C was(More)
We have generated an animal model for mitochondrial myopathy by disrupting the gene for mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) in skeletal muscle of the mouse. The knockout animals developed a myopathy with ragged-red muscle fibers, accumulation of abnormally appearing mitochondria, and progressively deteriorating respiratory chain function in skeletal(More)