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Unoperated female rats were subjected to daily oral treatment with omeprazole (10 or 400 mumol/kg body wt), ranitidine (175 + 175 + 350 mumol/kg body wt), or vehicle and antrectomized rats were treated with omeprazole (400 mumol/kg body wt) or vehicle. After 10 wk of treatment, plasma gastrin levels were high in unoperated rats treated with the high(More)
UNLABELLED Recently, a new manometric method has been proposed to quantify visceromotor responses (VMR) to colorectal distension (CRD) in rats. This method is based on monitoring pressure changes within the distending balloon during CRD. This study assesses the applicability of such a technique to the quantification of VMRs to CRD in mice. Electrical(More)
The plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase is activated by binding of 14-3-3 protein to the phosphorylated C terminus. Considering the large number of 14-3-3 and H(+)-ATPase isoforms in Arabidopsis (13 and 11 expressed genes, respectively), specificity in binding may exist between 14-3-3 and H(+)-ATPase isoforms. We now show that the H(+)-ATPase is the main target for(More)
In the present paper, a collection of experimental data is presented describing the pharmacological profile of omeprazole mainly in dogs and rats. Omeprazole potently inhibited gastric acid secretion in different experimental models. In the dog, for instance, omeprazole was 2-7 times more potent than cimetidine, depending on the route of administration, and(More)
The action of the substituted benzimidazole omeprazole (H 168/68) was studied in three different in vitro preparations: the isolated guinea pig gastric mucosa, isolated intact and permeable rabbit gastric glands, and hog fundic microsomal membrane vesicles containing H+-K+-ATPase. The effects of omeprazole were compared with those of cimetidine and(More)
Recordings of electromyographic (EMG) activity in the abdominal musculature are generally used to quantify the pseudo-affective visceromotor response induced by colorectal distension (CRD) in rodents. The present study describes a non-invasive, manometric method to quantify the magnitude of the abdominal contractions evoked by CRD. CRD-induced increases in(More)
Full-length cDNA for starch branching enzyme (SBE) II of potato was isolated and sequenced. In potato, similary to most other investigated plants, the SBE-II isoform differs from SBE-I by having an acidic amino-terminal extension and a shorter carboxyterminus. Two forms of SBE-II, migrating as 98 and 95 kDa proteins in 6% SDS-polyacrylamide gels, were(More)
Activation of GABA(B) receptors by the selective agonist baclofen produces anti-nociceptive effects in animal models of somatic pain. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of baclofen and the GABA(B) receptor positive allosteric modulator CGP7930 on pseudo-affective responses to colorectal distension in rats. Female Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
This study investigated how pH and the presence of urea affect the survival and growth of Helicobacter pylori and whether these factors affect susceptibility to antibiotics in vitro. The viability of a wild-type strain and a urease-deficient mutant of H. pylori was studied after incubation for 1 h in buffers at different pH values at 37 degrees C under(More)
Activation of cannabinoid receptors (CB(1), CB(2) and GPR(55)) produces analgesic effects in several experimental pain models, including visceral pain arising from the gastrointestinal tract. We assessed the role of CB(1), CB(2), and GPR(55) receptors and the endogenous cannabinoid system on basal pain responses and acute mechanical hyperalgesia during(More)