Håkan Lövkvist

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE in a genome-wide association study and subsequent case-control studies, the single-nucleotide polymorphism rs12425791 on chromosome 12p13 was reported to be associated with ischemic stroke, but this could not be validated in a recent well-powered study. We therefore investigated whether an association between ischemic stroke and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) regulates inflammatory cells by activation of the P2X(7) receptor. We hypothesized that polymorphisms in P2RX7 influence the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD), ischemic stroke (IS) and cardiovascular risk factors and tested this hypothesis using genetic association studies. METHODS Two(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Coronary Artery Disease Genome-Wide Replication and Meta-Analysis Study (CARDIoGRAM) reported 25 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on 15 chromosomes to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. Because common vascular risk factors are shared between CAD and ischaemic stroke (IS), these SNPs may also be related to(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of risk factors for ischemic stroke may vary between different groups of stroke patients. We examined the distribution of individual well-established risk factors as well as the multiplicity of risk factors in different age groups and among subtypes. METHODS In the Lund Stroke Register, we consecutively enrolled 2,505 patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To date, for detection of the absence of peristalsis in children with chronic constipation and a suspicion of Hirschsprung disease (HD), children have been investigated with a contrast enema. If the radiographic investigation is inconclusive, anometry and a rectal biopsy are performed. A new noninvasive real-time sonographic method for examination(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies indicate a genetic contribution to ischemic stroke risk, but specific genetic variants remain unknown, with the exception of a few rare variants. Recent genome-wide association studies identified and replicated common genetic variants on chromosome 9p21 to confer risk of coronary heart disease. We examined whether these(More)
AIM To test the hypothesis whether the administration of cytostatic drugs close to surgery in children with malignancies influences the rate of postoperative complications. METHOD Included in the study were 27 children with malignancies and a control group of 27 neurologically impaired children. All the children had nutritional problems and underwent a(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated residential noise from road traffic and its relation to annoyance, disturbance of daily activities, and general health. METHODS A large public health survey in southern Sweden in 1999-2000 supplied data (N=13 557; 54% participation rate) on the demography, annoyance, and disturbance of daily activities, and on general(More)
BACKGROUND Erectile dysfunction (ED) is prevalent and often associated with chronic diseases and previous operations on the prostate. Our aims were to investigate the prevalence of ED among males seeking general practitioners and to register known risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS During a short period in late 1998, 49 Norwegian general practitioners in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Evidence is emerging that inflammation plays a key role in the pathophysiology of ischemic stroke (IS). The aim of this study was to investigate whether genetic variation in the interleukin-1α, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist genes (IL1A, IL1B, and IL1RN) is associated with IS and/or any etiologic subtype of IS.(More)