Håkan Ekvall

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All 7157 patients (55% men) admitted to the emergency room with chest pain or other symptoms indicative of acute myocardial infarction during a period of 21 months were registered consecutively. Chest pain was reported by 93% of the patients. On the basis of history, clinical examination, and electrocardiogram in the emergency room, all patients were(More)
Anemia due to infection is a major health problem in endemic areas for young children and pregnant women. The anemia is caused by excess removal of nonparasitized erythrocytes in addition to immune destruction of parasitized red cells, and impaired compensation for this loss by bone marrow dysfunction. The pathogenesis is complex, and a predominant(More)
Childhood anaemia is a major public health problem in malaria holoendemic areas. We assessed the effects of antimalarial treatment in an area with drug-resistant falciparum malaria on haemoglobin levels in small children by applying the 1996 World Health Organization in vivo method for the evaluation of standard chloroquine treatment at the community level.(More)
Transmitted drug resistance (TDR) is a clinical and epidemiological problem because it may contribute to failure of antiretroviral treatment. The prevalence of TDR varies geographically, and its prevalence in Sweden during the last decade has not been reported. Plasma samples from 1,463 patients newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection between 2003 and 2010,(More)
The control of childhood anaemia in malaria holoendemic areas is a major public health challenge for which an optimal strategy remains to be determined. Malaria prevention may compromise the development of partial immunity. Regular micronutrient supplementation has been suggested as an alternative but its effectiveness remains unsettled. We therefore(More)
Acute haemolysis associated with clinical episodes of high-level Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia was studied in 20 children from an holoendemic area (coastal Tanzania). The change in blood haemoglobin (Hb) concentration ranged from -46 to g/L during the 72-h observation period and was linearly related to maximum parasitaemia. Balance studies between loss(More)
The objective of this analysis was to compare three methods of handling HIV-RNA data below the limit of quantification (LOQ) when describing the time-course of antiretroviral drug response using a drug-disease model. Treatment naïve Scandinavian HIV-positive patients (n = 242) were randomized to one of three study arms. Two nucleoside reverse transcriptase(More)
In malaria holoendemic areas children are anemic, but the exact influence of falciparum malaria on hemoglobin (Hb) concentration remains largely unsettled. Prospective data were therefore collected in children < 24 months of age during five months in a Tanzanian village. Children with mean asymptomatic parasitemia > or = 400/microl had lower median Hb(More)
Previous descriptions of the prognosis after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have mainly included patients admitted to coronary care units, often with an upper age limit. This study describes the prognosis, with emphasis on morbidity, during 1 year in 921 patients admitted to one single hospital with AMI regardless of age and regardless of whether or not(More)