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BACKGROUND It is important to be able to accurately monitor cardiac output (CO) during high-risk surgery and in critically ill patients. The invasiveness of the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) limits its use, and therefore, new minimally invasive methods for CO monitoring are needed. A potential method is estimation of CO from endogenous carbon dioxide(More)
BACKGROUND We have evaluated a new method for continuous monitoring of effective pulmonary blood flow (COEPBF ), i.e. cardiac output (CO) minus intra-pulmonary shunt, during mechanical ventilation. The method has shown good trending ability during severe hemodynamic challenges in a porcine model with intact lungs. In this study, we further evaluate the(More)
The fundamental, yet poorly understood, physiological mechanism known as 'acidic-metabolic' vasodilation, contributes to local blood flow regulation during hypoxia/ischaemia and increased metabolic activity. The vasodilator nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested to be involved in this event. Besides enzymatic production by NO synthases, a novel mechanism for(More)
A diet rich in fruits and vegetables is associated with a lower risk of certain forms of cancer and cardiovascular disease, but the mechanisms behind this protection are not completely understood. Recent epidemiological studies suggest a cardioprotective action afforded specifically by green leafy vegetables. We here propose that these beneficial effects(More)
Nitrate is abundant in our diet with particularly high levels in many vegetables. Ingested nitrate is concentrated in saliva and reduced to nitrite by bacteria in the oral cavity. We recently reported that application of nitrite-containing saliva to the gastric mucosa increases superficial blood flow and mucus generation via acid-catalyzed formation of(More)
Salivary nitrite is suggested to enhance the antimicrobial properties of gastric juice by conversion to nitric oxide (NO) and other reactive nitrogen intermediates in the stomach. Intubated patients exhibit extremely low gastric levels of NO, because they do not swallow their saliva. The present investigation was designed to examine the antibacterial(More)
OBJECTIVE Nitrite in saliva is reduced to nitric oxide (NO) in the acidic stomach, and this NO may serve gastroprotective functions. We studied intragastric NO levels in healthy controls and in intubated intensive care unit patients before and after supplementation with nitrite. DESIGN Prospective observational study involving patients and controls. (More)
A capnodynamic calculation of effective pulmonary blood flow includes a lung volume factor (ELV) that has to be estimated to solve the mathematical equation. In previous studies ELV correlated to reference methods for functional residual capacity (FRC). The aim was to evaluate the stability of ELV during significant manipulations of cardiac output (CO) and(More)
BACKGROUND Goal-directed fluid therapy improves outcome in major surgery. We evaluated a new device (LiDCOrapid) against our standard oesophageal Doppler method (ODM) for stroke volume (SV) optimization during colorectal surgery. METHODS This was an observational study in 20 patients undergoing major colorectal surgery within a fast-track protocol. We(More)
In a previous study a new capnodynamic method for estimation of effective pulmonary blood flow (COEPBF) presented a good trending ability but a poor agreement with a reference cardiac output (CO) measurement at high levels of PEEP. In this study we aimed at evaluating the agreement and trending ability of a modified COEPBF algorithm that uses expiratory(More)