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The majority of oocytes present in fetal ovaries are depleted before birth, and only about 400 will ovulate during the normal fertile life span. Studies on animals have shown that apoptosis is the mechanism behind oocyte depletion and follicular atresia. In the present study, we investigated the extent and localization of apoptosis in human fetal (aged(More)
Hormonal regulation of apoptosis has been studied in cultured preovulatory follicles. Because early antral follicles are most vulnerable to undergo atretic degeneration under physiological conditions in vivo, the present studies were designed to investigate the hormonal regulation of apoptosis using in vitro culture of early antral follicles. Rats were(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of resistin, a recently identified adipocyte-secreted peptide, in the adipose tissue of prolactin (PRL)-transgenic (tg) mice using ribonuclease protection assay. The level of resistin mRNA increased 3.5-fold in the adipose tissue of untreated male PRL-tg mice compared to controls. However, there was no(More)
It has become evident that apoptosis, an active form of cell 'suicide', plays an important role in the normal function of all tissues. A balance of cell proliferation and apoptosis is maintained in a healthy individual and any imbalance of the two processes could lead to pathological changes. In both sexes, massive apoptosis accounts for the demise of a(More)
During lactation serum levels of prolactin (PRL) are elevated, and the activity of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is decreased in the adipose tissue and increased in the mammary gland. However, PRL has been suggested to affect the adipose tissue in an indirect fashion during lactation. In the present study, we demonstrated expression of four PRL receptor (PRLR)(More)
The intracellular progesterone receptor (PR) in the mammalian ovary is a part of the physiological pathway that facilitates ovulation. Two PR isoforms (A and B) exist, with different molecular and biological functions. Previous studies have revealed that the cellular ratio of the PR isoforms is important for progesterone-responsive tissues and is under(More)
The present study investigates the regulation of small ubiquitin-related modifier-1 (SUMO-1) expression in response to hypoxia in adult mouse brain and heart. We observed a significant increase in SUMO-1 mRNAs and proteins after hypoxic stimulation in vivo. Because SUMO-1 interacts with various transcription factors, including hypoxia-inducible factor-1beta(More)
The ligand specificity and biochemical properties of the human (h) FSH receptor are poorly characterized due to the low abundance of these receptors and the limited availability of human tissues. Using a fragment of rat FSH receptor cDNA, we screened a human testicular cDNA library and obtained a FSH receptor cDNA covering the entire amino acid-coding(More)
Progesterone-receptor (PR) stimulation promotes survival in rat and human periovulatory granulosa cells. To investigate the mechanisms involved, periovulatory rat granulosa cells were incubated in vitro with or without the PR-antagonist Org 31710. Org 31710 caused the expected increase in apoptosis, and expression profiling using cDNA microarray analysis(More)