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It has become evident that apoptosis, an active form of cell 'suicide', plays an important role in the normal function of all tissues. A balance of cell proliferation and apoptosis is maintained in a healthy individual and any imbalance of the two processes could lead to pathological changes. In both sexes, massive apoptosis accounts for the demise of a(More)
The aim of the present study was to measure the level of cyclic GMP (cGMP) compared with the level of cyclic AMP (cAMP) in rat oocytes during resumption of meiosis I (oocyte maturation) and to microinject these cyclic nucleotides into the oocyte to study their effects on oocyte maturation. Immature oocytes were obtained from prepubertal rats primed with(More)
The causes of anxiety and depression in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) remain elusive. To identify steps linking androgen signaling to the regulation of affective symptoms in vivo, we compared behavioral responses in female rats continuously exposed to DHT from puberty (a model of DHT-induced PCOS) and in rats exposed to DHT for 1week.(More)
It is well known that acute psychosocial stress activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). However, the effect of acute psychosocial stress on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis and levels of sex steroids are less known. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute(More)
We have compared the expression of somatostatin receptor (sstr) subtypes with the outcome of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy and the effect of somatostatin receptor activation in patients with disseminated carcinoid tumours. Tumour tissues from nine patients with midgut carcinoids (ileal) and three patients with foregut carcinoids (gastric, thymic) were(More)
Adult female rats continuously exposed to androgens from prepuberty have reproductive and metabolic features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We investigated whether such exposure adversely affects estrous cyclicity and the expression and distribution of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), GnRH receptors, and corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) in(More)
Female mice lacking AR display alterations in ovarian and uterine function. However, the biology of AR in the fallopian tube is not fully understood. To gain an insight into potential roles of AR in this tissue, we demonstrated that eCG treatment increased AR expression in a time-dependent manner and subsequent treatment with hCG decreased AR expression in(More)
In rats with dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-induced polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), repeated low-frequency electrical stimulation of acupuncture needles restores whole-body insulin sensitivity measured by euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp. We hypothesized that electrical stimulation causing muscle contractions and manual stimulation causing needle sensation(More)
A cDNA encoding a growth hormone-binding protein (GH-BP) was recently cloned from mouse and rat liver. The GH-BP in these species is identical to the extracellular part of the GH receptor (GH-R) with the transmembrane and intracellular domain substituted for a hydrophilic tail. In the present study the expression of the GH-BP and GH-R was studied in rat(More)
The results of several reports indicate that GH can modulate ovarian function. In the present study, the expression of the growth hormone-receptor (GH-R) mRNA was studied in the rat ovary using an RNA probe corresponding to a part of the extracellular domain of the GH-R. The probe hybridized to two major transcripts with estimated sizes of 4.0 kb and 1.2 kb(More)