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Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a member of the non-transmembrane phosphotyrosine phosphatase family. Recently, PTP1B has been proposed to be a novel target of anti-cancer and anti-diabetic drugs. However, the role of PTP1B in the central nervous system is not clearly understood. Therefore, in this study, we sought to define PTP1B’s role in brain(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the integrity and copy number of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in spermatozoa from infertile men. We also compared mtDNA integrity to nuclear DNA integrity. DESIGN Observational. SETTING Tertiary care center. PATIENT(S) Semen samples were collected from 57 men, whose wives were undergoing in vitro fertilization, including 24 men(More)
To study phosphorylation of the endogenous type I thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor in the anterior pituitary, we generated phosphosite-specific polyclonal antibodies. The major phosphorylation site of receptor endogenously expressed in pituitary GH3 cells was Thr(365) in the receptor tail; distal sites were more phosphorylated in some heterologous(More)
Ascorbic acid has recently been reported to protect sperm DNA from the damage induced by exogenous oxidative stress in vitro. But, there is no report on seminal ascorbic acid and sperm DNA fragmentation in infertile men. In this study, we asked whether sperm DNA damage correlates with seminal ascorbic acid levels. Sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) was(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) and the parathyroid hormone type 1 receptor (PTH1R) are important regulators of vascular remodeling. PTHrP expression is associated to increased proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In contrast, signaling via the PTH1R inhibits cell growth. The mechanisms regulating the dual effect of PTHrP and(More)
Truncated versions of the human cytomegalovirus (CMV) strain Towne glycoprotein B (gB) gene were stably expressed in CHO cell lines. The calcium-specific ionophore A23187 inhibited proteolytic cleavage of C-terminal-truncated gB expressed by cell line 67.77. These inhibition studies also showed that the 93-kilodalton cleavage product most likely represents(More)
High density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor, scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI), mediates selective cholesteryl ester uptake from lipoproteins into the liver as well as cholesterol efflux from macrophages to HDL. Recently, strong evidence has demonstrated the anti-inflammatory effect of HDL, although the mechanism of action is not fully understood. In(More)
AIMS Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated intracellular signalling is well described in the vasculature, yet the precise roles of ROS in paracrine signalling are not known. Studies implicate interstitial ROS hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in vascular disease, and plasma H(2)O(2) levels in the micromolar range are detectable in animal models and humans with(More)
The PTH type 1 receptor (PTH1R) and PTHrP are expressed in vessels, where they contribute to regulating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) function. Elevated PTHrP levels in VSMC are often associated with hyperplasia. In contrast, exogenous PTHrP, acting through the PTH1R, inhibits VSMC proliferation. In this study, we investigated the regulation of PTH1R(More)
The G protein-coupled thyrotropin (TSH)-releasing hormone (TRH) receptor forms homodimers. Regulated receptor dimerization increases TRH-induced receptor endocytosis. These studies test whether dimerization increases receptor phosphorylation, which could potentiate internalization. Phosphorylation at residues 355-365, which is critical for internalization,(More)