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Voltage-dependent calcium channels are located in the plasma membrane and form a highly selective conduit by which Ca2+ ions enter all excitable cells and some nonexcitable cells. Extensive characterization studies have revealed the existence of one low (T) and five high-voltage-activated calcium channel types (L, N, P, Q, and R). The high voltage-activated… (More)
A kinetic model of spontaneous amplification of enantiomeric excess in the autocatalytic addition of diisopropylzinc to prochiral pyrimidine carbaldehydes is extended by a negative feedback process. Simulations based on the extended model result in large-amplitude oscillations both in a continuous-flow stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and in a semibatch… (More)
The only known example of chiral autocatalysis is the alkylation of N-heterocyclic aldehydes with iPr(2)Zn (Soai reaction). The mechanism and some details of this reaction are not yet clear. An empirical formula is proposed here for the description of this chiral autocatalytic reaction. This formula allows the calculation of some very informative parameters.
Chiral crystals of achiral benzils act as efficient chiral initiators of asymmetric autocatalysis to afford highly enantioenriched pyrimidyl alkanols whose absolute configurations depend upon the enantiomorph of the crystal used in conjunction with asymmetric autocatalysis with amplification of enantiomeric excess.
Enantiomeric excesses obtained in absolute enantioselective synthesis by chiral autocatalysis (Soai-reaction) were statistically analyzed. Two sets of parallel experiments, which were performed under chemically different conditions, are available. One group contains 37, while the other contains 84 preparative results. The former group shows some interesting… (More)
Natural-abundance isotopic substitution in isotopically prochiral groups of otherwise achiral molecules can provide stochastically formed enantiomeric excesses which exceed the sensitivity threshold of sensitive asymmetric autocatalytic (Soai-type) reactions. This kind of induction of chirality should be taken into consideration in in vitro model… (More)
A carbohydrate-derivative alkylcobalt carbonyl,([(1,2:5,6-di-O,O-isopropylidene-alpha-D-glucofuranos-3-yl)oxycarbonyl]methyl)cobalt tricarbonyl triphenylphosphene(3) was prepared and characterized by IR, NMR, and CD spectra, as well as by X-ray diffraction. The supramolecular chemistry in the crystalline P2(1)2(1)2(1) (chiral) phase and in solution was… (More)
Chiral conformations of flexible molecules may develop in a concerted manner if the molecule is crowded enough to assure sufficient level of through-the-space contacts. Higher number (> 4) of groups connected to the same atom, as in many coordination compounds, can be advantageous in this respect. The case study of R,S-[(sec-butoxycarbonyl)methyl]cobalt… (More)
Origin(s) of biological chirality appear(s) to be intimately connected to origin(s) of life. Prebiotic evolution toward these important turning points can be traced back to single chiral molecules. These can be small (monomeric) units as amino acids or monosaccharides or oligomers as oligo-RNA type molecules. Earlier speculations about these two kinds of… (More)
Autosolvation is an important factor in stabilizing the architecture of medium complicated molecules. It is a kind of " supramolecular force " acting in intramolecular manner, consisting of orbital-orbital interactions between polar groups, separated by more than one covalent bonds within the same molecule. This effect facilitates also the development of… (More)