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Two experiments investigated the long-term effects of retrieval practice. In the retrieval-practice procedure, selected items from a previously studied list are repeatedly recalled. The typical retrieval-practice effects are considerably enhanced memory for practiced items accompanied by low levels of recall, relative to baseline, for previously studied(More)
In patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), structural and volumetric abnormalities have been identified by up-to-date neuroimaging techniques both in the prefrontal region and in the basal ganglia (striatum, thalamus, amygdala). The dysfunction of these regions also has been proved by neuroimaging techniques. These alterations can be described as(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate prospective memory (PM) function in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). An event-based PM task was administered to 30 OCD patients and 30 healthy adult participants. For OCD patients, PM instruction produced significantly more cost in terms of reaction time (RT) during the ongoing task. A(More)
Impairments in executive functioning have been identified as an underlying cause of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Obsessive patients attempt to suppress certain unwanted thoughts through a mechanism that Wegner referred to as 'chronic thought suppression', whereas compulsive patients are unable to inhibit their rituals. We tested 51 OCD patients(More)
Two experiments investigated the long-term effects of retrieval practice. In the retrieval-practice procedure, selected items from a previously studied list are repeatedly recalled. The typical retrieval-practice effects are considerably enhanced memory for practiced items accompanied by low levels of recall, relative to baseline, for previously studied(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of executive functions in resolving memory interference in a clinical sample of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Retrieval of memories has been shown to involve some form of executive act that diminishes the accessibility of rival memory traces, leading to retrieval-induced(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous neuropsychological studies produced inconsistent results with tasks tapping short-term verbal and visual-spatial memory and executive functions in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of deficits in these cognitive domains. A further goal was to describe the distribution(More)
We study theoretically the instabilities induced by a linearly polarized ordinary light wave incident at a small oblique angle on a thin layer of homeotropically oriented nematic liquid crystal with special emphasis on the dye-doped case. The spatially periodic Hopf bifurcation that occurs as the secondary instability after the stationary Freedericksz(More)
Prospective memory is the ability to formulate and carry out actions at the appropriate time or in the appropriate context. This study aimed to identify the effect of hypnosis on prospective memory performance and to analyze the involvement of executive control processes in intention realization in a hypnotically altered state of consciousness. In 1(More)
We present a theoretical study of the effects induced by the passage of a linearly polarized light beam through a thin cell of homeotropic nematic liquid crystal. The light is incident at a slightly oblique angle and is polarized perpendicular to the plane of incidence. Experiments in this geometry have revealed a rich variety of complex, time dependent(More)