Gyslaine Daniault

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Among potential virulence factors of Candida albicans, enzymes seem to play an important role. Many studies concern the secreted aspartic proteinases (saps), and the degradation of some components of the subendothelial extracellular matrix by the isoenzyme sap2 has been proved. Nevertheless, other proteolytic enzymes could be involved in the pathogenicity(More)
A 95 kDa metallopeptidase of Candida albicans could be involved in the process of dissemination of the yeast. Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) are also responsible for collagen breakdown in inflammatory and malignant processes. We tested six compounds on the C. albicans enzyme. Doxycycline, gentamicin, cefalothin, galardin, and elaidic and oleic acids are(More)
An immunogenic aminopeptidase of Candida albicans was purified by high-performance liquid chromatography. It was then used for the development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect antibodies directed against this antigen in sera from patients with candidiasis. This enzyme specifically cleaves the L-Arg-7-amino-4-methyl-coumarin substrate at pH(More)
Five antifungal agents with different mechanisms of action were compared for their ability to affect mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity and adherence capacity of Candida albicans to polystyrene and extracellular matrix proteins. Only amphotericin B inhibited mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity when the culture medium was supplemented with galactose.(More)
Immunocompromised patients are at high risk of developing Candida infections. Although cell-mediated immunity is generally believed to play the main role in defence against fungi, antibodies could also be effective in immune defence by different mechanisms of action. The adherence capacity of four strains of Candida albicans to polystyrene and to some(More)
OBJECTIVES Amoebic keratitis is difficult to treat, without total efficacy in some patients because of cysts that are less susceptible than trophozoites to the usual treatments. We investigated here the in vitro effectiveness of caspofungin, a new antifungal, against three species of Acanthamoeba. METHODS Trophozoites and cysts of Acanthamoeba(More)
OBJECTIVES Candidiasis can be associated with the formation of biofilms on bioprosthetic surfaces and the intrinsic resistance of Candida albicans biofilms to the most commonly used antifungal agents has been demonstrated. In this study, we report on the antifungal activity of caspofungin at two different concentrations, on C. albicans and Candida(More)
OBJECTIVES Some manifestations of candidiasis are associated with the formation of biofilms on inert or biological surfaces and the intrinsic resistance of Candida albicans biofilms to the most commonly used antifungal agents has been demonstrated. In this study, we report on the influence of the growth of C. albicans in medium containing a sub-inhibitory(More)
This study investigates the influence of treatment of plastic and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins with chlorhexidine or benzalkonium chloride on subsequent adherence of Candida albicans. Three concentrations were tested for each antiseptic: (i) chlorhexidine, MIC (6.25-12.5 mg/L), 80 x MIC and 800 x MIC; and (ii) benzalkonium chloride, MIC (3.12 mg/L),(More)
Azole antifungals act by inhibiting the activity of a lanosterol demethylase involved in the generation of the ergosterol of the cellular membrane of fungi. These drugs could also have action on other yeast components, like secreted aspartyl proteases. We demonstrate in this study that the in vitro secretion of a metallopeptidase could be modified during(More)