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The present study was aimed at localizing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and its enzyme of synthesis, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), in the mouse pancreas by immunocytochemical methods. The influence of GABA on hormone release was also studied with normal mouse and rat islets and the isolated perfused rat pancreas. Particular attention was paid to(More)
Pancreastatin is known to be produced in islet B cells and to inhibit insulin secretion. In this study, we examined whether the peptide affects insulin secretion from the perfused rat pancreas during raising or lowering the glucose concentration within the physiological range. We found that synthetic porcine pancreastatin (15 nmol L-1) significantly(More)
Glucose increases insulin secretion by raising cytoplasmic Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) in beta-cells (triggering pathway) and augmenting the efficacy of Ca(2+) on exocytosis (amplifying pathway). It has been suggested that glutamate formed from alpha-ketoglutarate is a messenger of the amplifying pathway (Maechler, P., and Wollheim, C. B. (1999) Nature 402,(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a ubiquitous neuropeptide of the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) family that potentiates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Pancreatic beta cells express two PACAP receptor subtypes, a PACAP-preferring (PAC1) and a VIP-shared (VPAC2) receptor. We have applied a gene targeting approach to(More)
Recently, we synthesized and characterized the first selective V(1b) vasopressin (VP)/oxytocin receptor agonist, d[Cha(4)]arginine vasopressin. However, this agonist was only selective for the human receptors. We thus decided to design a selective V(1b) agonist for the rodent species. We started from previous observations showing that modifying(More)
A previously uncharacterized putative ion channel, NALCN (sodium leak channel, non-selective), has been recently shown to be responsible for the tetrodotoxin (TTX)-resistant sodium leak current implicated in the regulation of neuronal excitability. Here, we show that NALCN encodes a current that is activated by M3 muscarinic receptors (M3R) in a pancreatic(More)
The effect of L-glutamate was studied on glucagon secretion from rat isolated pancreas perfused with 2.8 mM glucose. L-Glutamate (3.10(-5)-10(-4)M) induced an immediate, transient and concentration-dependent glucagon release. The three non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonists, kainate (3.10(-5)-3.10(-3)M),(More)
Strategies based on activating GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) are intensively developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The exhaustive knowledge of the signaling pathways linked to activated GLP-1R within the beta-cells is of major importance. In beta-cells, GLP-1 activates the ERK1/2 cascade by diverse pathways dependent on either(More)
A radioautographic analysis of the number and distribution of labeled nuclei after in vitro incorporation of radiothymidine was carried out in human endometrium during the normal menstrual cycle. The highest rates of proliferation were recorded on cycle days 8 to 10 in the upper one third of the functionalis layer. Coinciding with intraglandular secretory(More)
cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB) is required for beta-cell survival by regulating expression of crucial genes such as bcl-2 and IRS-2. Using MIN6 cells and isolated rat pancreatic islets, we investigated the signaling pathway that controls phosphorylation and protein level of CREB. We observed that 10 mmol/l glucose-induced CREB(More)