Gyoo Taik Kwon

Learn More
Tumor-associated macrophages, which are derived from the infiltration of circulating bone marrow-derived monocytes, consist primarily of a polarized M2 macrophage (M2-Mϕ) population and are associated with poor prognosis in various cancers. In the present study, we attempted to assess whether M2-Mϕs derived from bone marrow stimulate the promotion and(More)
Isoliquiritigenin (ISL, 4,2',4'-trihydroxychalcone), which is found in licorice, shallot and bean sprouts, is a potent antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ISL treatment on the migration, invasion and adhesion characteristics of DU145 human prostate cancer cells. DU145(More)
We evaluated whether high-fat diet (HFD), in the absence of increased calorie intake, increases colon cancer growth and metastasis. Four-week-old male BALB/c mice were fed on an HFD (60 kcal% fat) or control diet (10 kcal% fat) for 16 wk, after which CT26 colon cancer cells were subcutaneously injected into the right flank. Solid tumor growth and the number(More)
BACKGROUND Novel dietary agents for colon cancer prevention and therapy are desired. Kaempferol, a flavonol, has been reported to possess anticancer activity. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of the anticancer effects of kaempferol. The aim of this study was to determine the inhibitory effect of kaempferol on growth factor-induced(More)
Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) is a hydrolysis product of glucotropaeolin, a compound found in cruciferous vegetables, and has been shown to have anti-tumor properties. In the present study, we investigated whether BITC inhibits the development of prostate cancer in the transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate (TRAMP) mice. Five-week old, male TRAMP mice and(More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which is naturally present in a variety of foods such as milk fat and the meat of ruminant animals, has been demonstrated to exert chemoprotective effects in several tissues in experimental animals. CLA is a collective term, which denotes one or more positional and geometric isomers of octadecadienoic acid, with(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and proliferation contribute to arterial wound repair and thickening of the intimal layer in atherosclerosis. SMC can physically interact with monocytes and macrophages within the intima. This study evaluated whether macrophages modulated proliferation and migration of SMC in close proximity, which was suppressed(More)
We investigated whether licochalcone E (LicE), a phenolic constituent of licorice, inhibits mammary tumor growth and metastasis using animal and cell culture models. 4T1 mammary carcinoma cells were injected into the mammary fat pads of syngeneic BALB/c mice. Starting 7 days after the injection, the mice received LicE (7 or 14 mg/kg body weight/day) via(More)
Piceatannol (trans-3,4,3',5'-tetrahydroxystilbene) is a polyphenol detected in grapes, red wine and Rheum undulatum; it has also been demonstrated to exert anticarcinogenic effects. In this study, in order to determine whether piceatannol inhibits the lung metastasis of prostate cancer cells, MAT-Ly-Lu (MLL) rat prostate cancer cells expressing luciferase(More)
Saussurea lappa has been used in Chinese traditional medicine for the treatment of abdominal pain, tenesmus, nausea, and cancer; previous studies have shown that S. lappa also induces G(2) growth arrest and apoptosis in gastric cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of hexane extracts of S. lappa (HESLs) on the migration of DU145 and(More)