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The use of cultured hippocampal slices for studies of calpain-mediated pathogenesis was investigated. Breakdown products (BDPs), which result from proteolysis of spectrin by calpain I, were assayed with BDP-specific antibodies developed against peptide sequences on either side of the calpain cleavage site. The antibodies recognized either amino- or(More)
Polyclonal antibodies against specific carboxy-terminal sequences of known alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor subunits (GluR-4) were used to screen regional homogenates and subcellular fractions from rat brain. Affinity purified anti-GluR1 (against amino acids 877-899), anti-GluR2/3 (850-862), and anti-GluR4a and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Smoke inhalation has a prolonged, negative effect on pulmonary function. The immediate change in the airway after smoke inhalation is an intense inflammatory reaction. Obstructive airway disease commonly occurs several years after smoke inhalation, but few studies have focused on long-term reactions in the airway. This study investigated(More)
The human Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) mediates responses of both innate and adaptive immunity to Gram-positive bacteria, including mycobacteria. We sought functional polymorphisms in the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of TLR2. We found a highly polymorphic (GT)n dinucleotide repeat 100 bp upstream of the TLR2 translational start site in intron 2. The numbers(More)
The exact physiological role of NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) in the NF-kappaB activation pathway has not been defined, although it is an upstream kinase of IKKalpha. Recent studies have indicated that IKKalpha is a nucleosomal modifier of NF-kappaB signaling. We hypothesized that NIK generates a proximal signal that contributes to IKKalpha modification(More)
Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is associated with the pathogenesis of inflammation and various cancers, including lung cancer. Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is a zinc-finger transcription factor that interacts with histone acetyltransferases and deacetylases for its transcriptional activity and also is involved in inflammation and tumorigenesis. We investigated(More)
Inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and its metabolites have diverse and potent biological actions that are important for both physiological and disease states of lung. The wide variety of prostaglandin (PG) products are influenced by the level of cellular activation, the exact nature of the stimulus, and the specific cell type involved in their production. In(More)
Some transcription factors involved in the regulation of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression in macrophage, including NF-kappaB, interact with p300, which contains histone acetyltransferase (HAT) enzyme complex. Chromatin structure is regulated by modifying enzymes, including HAT, and plays an important role in eukaryotic gene regulation through histone(More)
Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) regulates the transcription of a wide array of gene products that are involved in the molecular pathobiology of the lung. Three lung cell types, epithelial cells, macrophages and neutrophils, have been shown to be involved in the generation of lung inflammation through signaling mechanisms that are dependent on activation(More)
The role of different lineage specific transcription factors in directing hematopoietic cell fate towards myeloid lineage is well established but the status of epigenetic modifications has not been defined during this important developmental process. We used non proliferating, PU.1 inducible myeloid progenitor cells and differentiating bone marrow derived(More)