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The use of cultured hippocampal slices for studies of calpain-mediated pathogenesis was investigated. Breakdown products (BDPs), which result from proteolysis of spectrin by calpain I, were assayed with BDP-specific antibodies developed against peptide sequences on either side of the calpain cleavage site. The antibodies recognized either amino- or(More)
Polyclonal antibodies against specific carboxy-terminal sequences of known alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor subunits (GluR-4) were used to screen regional homogenates and subcellular fractions from rat brain. Affinity purified anti-GluR1 (against amino acids 877-899), anti-GluR2/3 (850-862), and anti-GluR4a and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Smoke inhalation has a prolonged, negative effect on pulmonary function. The immediate change in the airway after smoke inhalation is an intense inflammatory reaction. Obstructive airway disease commonly occurs several years after smoke inhalation, but few studies have focused on long-term reactions in the airway. This study investigated(More)
Total arsenic, mercury, lead, and cadmium contents were determined in 426 samples of seaweed sold in Korea in 2007-08. The average concentrations, expressed in mg kg(-1), dry weight, were: total arsenic 17.4 (less than the limit of detection [LOD] to 88.8), Hg 0.01 (from 0.001 to 0.050), lead 0.7 (less than the LOD to 2.7), and cadmium 0.50 (less than the(More)
Inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and its metabolites have diverse and potent biological actions that are important for both physiological and disease states of lung. The wide variety of prostaglandin (PG) products are influenced by the level of cellular activation, the exact nature of the stimulus, and the specific cell type involved in their production. In(More)
Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is associated with the pathogenesis of inflammation and various cancers, including lung cancer. Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is a zinc-finger transcription factor that interacts with histone acetyltransferases and deacetylases for its transcriptional activity and also is involved in inflammation and tumorigenesis. We investigated(More)
Some transcription factors involved in the regulation of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression in macrophage, including NF-kappaB, interact with p300, which contains histone acetyltransferase (HAT) enzyme complex. Chromatin structure is regulated by modifying enzymes, including HAT, and plays an important role in eukaryotic gene regulation through histone(More)
BACKGROUND Human enteroviruses (HEVs) are a major cause of herpangina, HFMD (hand, foot, and mouth disease), and other neurological diseases in Seoul, Korea. METHODS A total of 56 specimens from hospitalized patients collected from February to December 2009 (37 females and 19 males) in Seoul were tested for HEV from stool, throat swab, and vesicle swab(More)
The human Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) mediates responses of both innate and adaptive immunity to Gram-positive bacteria, including mycobacteria. We sought functional polymorphisms in the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of TLR2. We found a highly polymorphic (GT)n dinucleotide repeat 100 bp upstream of the TLR2 translational start site in intron 2. The numbers(More)
The role of different lineage specific transcription factors in directing hematopoietic cell fate towards myeloid lineage is well established but the status of epigenetic modifications has not been defined during this important developmental process. We used non proliferating, PU.1 inducible myeloid progenitor cells and differentiating bone marrow derived(More)