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The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a key component of a network that directs both spatial attention and saccadic eye movements, which are tightly linked. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has demonstrated reduced microstructural integrity of the anterior cingulum bundle as indexed by fractional anisotropy (FA) in schizophrenia, but the functional(More)
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) represents a significant health care burden in the United States. Diagnosing it early and accurately is important for the efficient management of these patients. However, the early diagnosis of CP, when structural and functional pancreatic changes are subtle, remains difficult. Complicating this is the large cohort of patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES The diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis in patients with characteristic symptoms but normal pancreatic imaging is challenging. Assessment of pancreatic function through secretin pancreatic function testing (SPFT) has been advocated in this setting, but its diagnostic accuracy is not fully known. METHODS This was a retrospective review of patients(More)
Opioid-induced bowel dysfunction (OIBD) is a potentially debilitating side effect of chronic opioid use. It refers to a collection of primarily gastrointestinal motility disorders induced by opioids, of which opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is the most common. Management of OIBD is difficult, and affected patients will often limit their opioid intake at(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective treatment for Barrett's esophagus (BE) dysplasia. For patients with dysplasia refractory to RFA, data are limited regarding efficacy of endoscopic therapy. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of cryotherapy in patients with BE dysplasia who failed RFA. DESIGN Single-center, retrospective,(More)
Cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD) is a rapidly progressive biliary fibrosis, resembling primary sclerosing cholangitis that develops in 5-10% of patients with cystic fibrosis. Further research and evaluation of therapies are hampered by the lack of a mouse model for CFLD. Although primary sclerosing cholangitis is linked to both ulcerative colitis and(More)
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare, heterogeneous, fibroinflammatory disorder of the pancreas. It has gained increasing recognition due to a presentation that can mimic difficult-to-treat disorders such as pancreatic cancer, cholangiocarcinoma and primary sclerosing cholangitis. In contrast, autoimmune pancreatitis is a benign disease that is very(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Approximately 14 million colonoscopies are performed annually in the United States making this the most common gastrointestinal endoscopic procedure. Although the demand for colonoscopy remains strong, improvements in fecal DNA technology and computed tomography colonography now compete with colonoscopy as viable colon cancer screening(More)
We describe a Ti:sapphire-based laser-x-ray system specifically designed for generation of ultrafast x-ray pulses in the tenths-of-nanometers spectral range at a 2-kHz repetition rate. To obtain high-contrast laser pulses we divide the laser system into a section for generation of microjoule, high-contrast pulses with pulse cleaning and a subsequent section(More)