Gyang Markus Bot

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Ependymomas are the most common glial neoplasms in the spinal cord. However, spinal cord ependymomas presenting with regional dissemination along the neuroaxis are rare, with a yet undetermined standard of care. We retrospectively evaluated the management and outcomes of patients who were diagnosed with spinal ependymoma with regional metastases at(More)
One of the nightmares of placing a shunt in patients with friable skin is an exposed shunt or shunt valve with risk of infection of the hardware which may lead to meningitis or ventriculitis with poor outcome. Another feared complication is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak from the wound with subsequent wound dehiscence. The patients at risk of shunt hardware(More)
Dear Editor: Ventricular access devices (VADs), such as Ommaya, Rickham and Mc-Comb reservoirs, are often used in premature neonates with intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH), as a temporary measure for CSF aspiration, until the neonate is fit for a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt [1, 2]. Intraventricular migration of a VAD is an extremely rare complication, due(More)
Nasogastric intubation is one of the most common routine nonoperative procedures available for the hospital care of patients. The insertion and removal of this tube is associated with many complications. The complications include trauma, nasal septal abscess and inadvertent entry into the cranial cavity and trachea, ulceration, bleeding from varices and(More)
Nonpositional anterior plagiocephaly results commonly from unilateral coronal craniosynostosis. We present 2 patients of a rare cause of anterior plagiocephaly known as frontosphenoid synostosis. This condition is characterized by the absence of a harlequin eye (or the harlequin sign on computed tomography), which is usually present in unilateral coronal(More)
Cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) cysts are relatively rare. The most common presenting symptom is headache, which is thought to be secondary to elevated intracranial pressure. Many CSP cysts are treated surgically; conservative treatment is seldom recommended. The authors describe 3 cases of pediatric CSP cysts that were managed without surgery. The patients(More)
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