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Phagocyte-mediated oxidant damage to vascular endothelium is likely involved in various vasculopathies including atherosclerosis and pulmonary leak syndromes such as adult respiratory distress syndrome. We have shown that heme, a hydrophobic iron chelate, is rapidly incorporated into endothelial cells where, after as little as 1 h, it markedly aggravates(More)
Iron-derived reactive oxygen species are implicated in the pathogenesis of various vascular disorders including atherosclerosis, vasculitis, and reperfusion injury. The present studies examine whether heme, when liganded to physiologically relevant proteins as in hemoglobin, can provide potentially damaging iron to intact endothelium. We demonstrate that(More)
Heme proteins such as myoglobin or hemoglobin, when released into the extracellular space, can instigate tissue toxicity. Myoglobin is directly implicated in the pathogenesis of renal failure in rhabdomyolysis. In the glycerol model of this syndrome, we demonstrate that the kidney responds to such inordinate amounts of heme proteins by inducing the(More)
Endothelial damage may follow exposure to toxic oxygen species generated by closely apposed ("marginated") granulocytes. Because iron markedly catalyzes oxidant damage in diverse systems, we wondered whether intercalculated heme, and/or its constituent iron, might potentiate oxidant damage of endothelium. Cultured monolayers of porcine aortic endothelial(More)
Iron-derived reactive oxygen species play an important role in the pathogenesis of various vascular disorders including vasculitis, atherosclerosis, and capillary leak syndromes such as the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We have suggested that acute incorporation of the heme moiety of hemoglobin released from red blood cells into endothelium(More)
Heme arginate infusions blunt the symptoms of patients with acute intermittent porphyria without evidence of the vascular or thrombotic side effects reported for hematin. To provide a rationale for heme arginate's safety, the present study examined the effects of various ferriporphyrins to sensitize human endothelial cells to free radical injury and to(More)
In protein-uric states, renal tubular epithelial cells are exposed to diverse macromolecules, including low-density lipoproteins (LDL), normally excluded from the urinary space. Oxidized LDL (LDLox) is incriminated in atherogenesis and glomerulosclerosis. Since urine is prooxidant, we considered whether LDLox injuries renal tubular epithelial cells(More)
Transition metals, particularly iron, will potentiate oxidant damage to isolated cell organelles, plasma membranes, and DNA when added to in vitro incubation systems. However, similar studies of intact cells have been hampered by the relative impermeability of whole cells to iron. We have iron loaded cultured endothelial cells by using the iron-chelating(More)
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL), formed in vivo from presently unknown reactions, may play a role in atherogenesis. In vitro, transition metals such as iron and copper will facilitate LDL oxidation, but these metals are unlikely to exist in free form in normal body fluids. We have explored the possibility that LDL oxidation may be promoted by heme, a(More)