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PURPOSE P-glycoprotein, encoded by the mdr-1 gene, confers multidrug resistance to a variety of antineoplastic agents, e.g., paclitaxel. Recently, different polymorphisms in the mdr-1 gene have been identified and their consequences for the function of P-glycoprotein, as well as for the treatment response to P-glycoprotein substrates, are being clarified.(More)
Tocopherols and tocotrienols are vitamin E compounds, differing only in the saturation state of the isoprenoid side chain. Tocopherol biosynthesis, physiology and distribution have been studied in detail. Tocopherols have been found in many different plant species, and plant tissues. In contrast, comparatively little is known about the physiology and(More)
Tocopherols and tocotrienols are present in mature seeds. Yet, little is known about the physiological role and the metabolism of these compounds during seed development. Here we present data on tocopherol and tocotrienol accumulation during seed development in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Albert Lavallée (Royal). This species was chosen for its ability to(More)
Epidemiological data seem to be equivocal on the probable increase in cancer incidence in populations exposed to asbestos-fibre contaminated drinking water. Although animal experiments failed to demonstrate carcinogenicity of oral asbestos exposure, the large surface area of the fibres, however, creates the possibility of cogenotoxic action with adsorbed(More)
The early genotoxic action of oral exposure to UICC crocidolite asbestos fibres was studied in different short-term tests. Fischer-344 rats were gavaged with 50 mg/b.w.kg untreated asbestos fibres and fibres which had been allowed to adsorb benzo(a)pyrene molecules from extremely low concentration (0.25-2.5 microg/ml) aqueous solutions. This system can be(More)
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among patients with gynecological cancers, but the biology of these tumors is still among the least understood of all major human malignancies. In this study, comparative genomic hybridization was used to determine chromosomal alterations in 98 stage III serous papillary adenocarcinomas. The tumors were grouped(More)
BACKGROUND During an international workshop held in September 1998, a group of specialists in the field of ovarian cancer reached consensus on a number of issues with implications for standard practice and for research of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS Five groups of experts considered several issues which included: biologic factors,(More)
Ovarian carcinoma represents about 4% of all cancers diagnosed in women worldwide. Mortality rate is high, over 50%, mainly due to late diagnosis. Currently there are no acceptable screening techniques available, although ovarian cancer belongs to the group of malignancies for which mortality could be dramatically reduced by early diagnosis. In a recently(More)
The purpose of the present study was to compare the therapeutic efficacy of the alpha-emitter Astatine-211 with the beta-emitter Iodine-131 bound to the specific monoclonal antibody MOv18. The measurements were performed in an ovarian cancer cell line (NIH:OVCAR 3) growing intraperitoneally in nude mice. Two weeks after the intraperitoneal inoculation of 1(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of 211At-labelled specific monoclonal antibody MOv18 in nude mice with intraperitoneal growth of the human ovarian cancer cell line OVCAR3. In the first part of the study the antibody was injected intraperitoneally when the cancer growth was microscopic. The injected activity was(More)