György B. Kiss

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Leguminous plants are able to establish a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with soil bacteria generally known as rhizobia. Metabolites exuded by the plant root activate the production of a rhizobial signal molecule, the Nod factor, which is essential for symbiotic nodule development. This lipo-chitooligosaccharide signal is active at femtomolar concentrations, and(More)
Legumes form symbiotic associations with both mycorrhizal fungi and nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria called rhizobia. Several of the plant genes required for transduction of rhizobial signals, the Nod factors, are also necessary for mycorrhizal symbiosis. Here, we describe the cloning and characterization of one such gene from the legume Medicago truncatula.(More)
Rhizobial bacteria enter a symbiotic interaction with legumes, activating diverse responses in roots through the lipochito oligosaccharide signaling molecule Nod factor. Here, we show that NSP2 from Medicago truncatula encodes a GRAS protein essential for Nod-factor signaling. NSP2 functions downstream of Nod-factor-induced calcium spiking and a(More)
The genetic map for alfalfa presented here has eight linkage groups representing the haploid chromosome set of the Medicago species. The genetic map was constructed by ordering the linkage values of 89 RFLP, RAPD, isozyme and morphological markers collected from a segregating population of 138 individuals. The segregating population is self-mated progeny of(More)
The increased amount of data produced by large genome sequencing projects allows scientists to carry out important syntenic studies to a great extent. Detailed genetic maps and entirely or partially sequenced genomes are compared, and macro- and microsyntenic relations can be determined for different species. In our study, the syntenic relationships between(More)
Identification of dispersed or interspersed repeats, most of which are derived from transposons, retrotransposons or retrovirus-like elements, is an important step in genome annotation. Software tools that compare genomic sequences with precompiled repeat reference libraries using sensitive similarity-based methods provide reliable means of finding the(More)
We present the primary structure of a nudule-specific gene, Nms-25 from Medicago sativa L. cultivar Nagyszénási. Analysis of the nucleotide sequence of Nms-25 revealed that this gene shows all the characteristics of an interrupted plant gene consisting of 13 exons and 12 introns. The promoter region of Nms-25 contains the common promoter elements of plant(More)
The Medicago truncatula DMI2 gene encodes a receptorlike kinase required for establishing root endosymbioses. The DMI2 gene was shown to be expressed much more highly in roots and nodules than in leaves and stems. In roots, its expression was not altered by nitrogen starvation or treatment with lipochitooligosaccharidic Nod factors. Moreover, the DMI2 mRNA(More)
In a search for plant genes expressed during early symbiotic interactions between Medicago sativa and Rhizobium meliloti, we have isolated and characterized two alfalfa genes which have strong sequence similarity to members of the Enod12 gene family of Pisum sativum. The M. sativa genes, MsEnod12A and B, encode putative protein products of 8066 Da and 12849(More)
Cyclins in association with the protein kinase p34cdc2and related cyclin-dependent protein kinases (cdks) are key regulatory elements in controlling the cell division cycle. Here, we describe the identification and characterization of a full-length cDNA clone of alfalfa mitotic cyclin, termed CycIIIMs. Computer analysis of known plant cyclin gene sequences(More)