Gwynneth Stevens

Learn More
Effective health care delivery to the majority of perinatally exposed infants worldwide, including those enrolled in prevention of mother-to-child transmission programs, is hampered by lack of access to an HIV diagnosis in infancy. Dried blood spot collection from young infants for centralized HIV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing is attainable in(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase I study of a recombinant replication-defective adenovirus type 5 (rAd5) vector expressing HIV-1 Gag and Pol from subtype B and Env from subtypes A, B and C, given alone or as boost following a DNA plasmid vaccine expressing the same HIV-1 proteins plus Nef, in 114 healthy(More)
A recombinant modified vaccinia Ankara virus vaccine candidate (TBC-M4) expressing HIV-1 subtype C env, gag, tat-rev, and nef-RT genes was tested in a randomized, double-blind, dose escalation Phase I trial in 32 HIV-uninfected healthy volunteers who received three intramuscular injections of TBC-M4 at 0, 1, and 6 months of 5 x 10(7) plaque-forming units(More)
BACKGROUND HIV rapid tests (RT) are a quick and non-technically demanding means to perform HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) but understanding their limitations is vital to delivering quality VCT. OBJECTIVE To determine the sensitivity and specificity of HIV rapid tests used for research and voluntary counselling and testing at four sites in(More)
Purpose of Audit This clinical laboratory was chosen to be audited [add reason for the audit]. Examples: 1. Assess a lab’s ability to conduct lab operations in accordance with GCLP guidelines/standards and other regulations 2. Ensure lab continues to meet applicable regulations/guidelines/standards and sponsor requirements 3. For cause audits to(More)
The gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay is used routinely to evaluate the potency of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine candidates and other vaccine candidates. In order to compare candidates and pool data from multiple trial laboratories, validated standardized methods must be applied across laboratories.(More)
The expense of PCR testing limits diagnosis of HIV infection in infancy in low resource settings. The ultrasensitive p24 antigen assay has been proposed as an accurate substitute; however, its ability to detect different HIV viral subtypes remains to be determined. A sensitivity of 98.1% and specificity of 98.7% was obtained testing 203 samples from 24(More)
Measurement of HIV-1 viral load in plasma is an important marker of disease progression and efficacy of antiretroviral therapy. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) offers an opportunity to develop more affordable alternative viral load assays. This article reports on the development of a novel real-time reverse-transcriptase (RT)-PCR assay for(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES A phase 1 trial of adeno-associated virus based HIV-1 subtype C vaccine (tgAAC09) was conducted at two sites in Germany and Belgium and one site in India. This paper reports the safety and immunogenicity of tgAAC09 in healthy adult Indian volunteers. METHODS Between January 2005 and December 2006, 30 consenting volunteers were(More)
The genetic diversity of HIV-1 across the globe is a major challenge for developing an HIV vaccine. To facilitate immunogen design, it is important to characterize clusters of commonly targeted T-cell epitopes across different HIV clades. To address this, we examined 39 HIV-1 clade C infected individuals for IFN-γ Gag-specific T-cell responses using five(More)