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We describe the functional expression of three members of the family of human facilitative glucose transporters, the erythrocyte-type transporter (GLUT 1), the liver-type transporter (GLUT 2), and the brain-type transporter (GLUT 3), by microinjection of their corresponding mRNAs into Xenopus oocytes. Expression was determined by the appearance of transport(More)
Insulin stimulates the movement of glucose transporter-4 (Glut4)-containing vesicles to the plasma membrane of adipose cells. We investigated the role of post-Golgi t-soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) in the trafficking of Glut4 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Greater than 85% of syntaxin 6 was found in Glut4-containing(More)
Low grade chronic inflammation as reflected by increased C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations independently predicts those at risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes. Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are insulin resistant and have increased risk for CHD and type 2 diabetes, but currently there are no data on markers of(More)
Lipid rafts are microdomains present within membranes of most cell types. These membrane microdomains, which are enriched in cholesterol and glycosphingolipids, have been implicated in the regulation of certain signal transduction and membrane traffic pathways. To investigate the possibility that lipid rafts organize exocytotic pathways in neuroendocrine(More)
Cytokinesis requires a dramatic remodeling of the cortical cytoskeleton as well as membrane addition. The Drosophila pericentrosomal protein, Nuclear-fallout (Nuf), provides a link between these two processes. In nuf-derived embryos, actin remodeling and membrane recruitment during the initial stages of metaphase and cellular furrow formation are disrupted.(More)
The translocation of a unique facilitative glucose transporter isoform (GLUT4) from an intracellular site to the plasma membrane accounts for the large insulin-dependent increase in glucose transport observed in muscle and adipose tissue. The intracellular location of GLUT4 in the basal state and the pathway by which it reaches the cell surface upon insulin(More)
Arfophilin is an ADP ribosylation factor (Arf) binding protein of unknown function. It is identical to the Rab11 binding protein eferin/Rab11-FIP3, and we show it binds both Arf5 and Rab11. We describe a related protein, arfophilin-2, that interacts with Arf5 in a nucleotide-dependent manner, but not Arf1, 4, or 6 and also binds Rab11. Arfophilin-2(More)
The insulin-responsive glucose transporter GLUT4 is targeted to a post-endocytic compartment in adipocytes, from where it moves to the cell surface in response to insulin. Previous studies have identified two cytosolic targeting motifs that regulate the intracellular sequestration of this protein: FQQI(5-8) in the N-terminus and LL(489,490) (one-letter(More)