Gwyn W. Gould

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Cytokinesis requires a dramatic remodeling of the cortical cytoskeleton as well as membrane addition. The Drosophila pericentrosomal protein, Nuclear-fallout (Nuf), provides a link between these two processes. In nuf-derived embryos, actin remodeling and membrane recruitment during the initial stages of metaphase and cellular furrow formation are disrupted.(More)
possess a transport system for glucose of the facilitative diffusion type; these transporters allow the movement of glucose across the plasma membrane down its chemical gradient either into or out of cells. These transporters are specific for the D-enantiomer of glucose and are not coupled to any energy-requiring components, such as ATP hydrolysis or a HI(More)
Recent studies have indicated that endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is regulated by reversible phosphorylation in intact endothelial cells. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has previously been demonstrated to phosphorylate and activate eNOS at Ser-1177 in vitro, yet the function of AMPK in endothelium is poorly characterized. We therefore(More)
The dual Rab11/Arf binding proteins, family of Rab11-interacting proteins FIP3 and FIP4 function in the delivery of recycling endosomes to the cleavage furrow and are, together with Rab11, essential for completion of abscission, the terminal step of cytokinesis. Here, we report that both FIP3 and FIP4 bind Arf6 in a nucleotide-dependent manner but exhibit(More)
We describe the functional expression of three members of the family of human facilitative glucose transporters, the erythrocyte-type transporter (GLUT 1), the liver-type transporter (GLUT 2), and the brain-type transporter (GLUT 3), by microinjection of their corresponding mRNAs into Xenopus oocytes. Expression was determined by the appearance of transport(More)
An integral part of cell division is the separation of daughter cells via cytokinesis. There is now good evidence that the completion of cytokinesis requires coordinated membrane trafficking to deliver new membrane to the tip of the furrow and to complete the abscission. Here we have examined membrane traffic in cytokinesis and describe several novel(More)
Glucose stimulates insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells by inducing the recruitment and fusion of insulin vesicles to the plasma membrane. However, little is currently known about the mechanism of the initial docking or tethering of insulin vesicles prior to fusion. Here, we examined the role of the SEC6-SEC8 (exocyst) complex, implicated in(More)
Arfophilin is an ADP ribosylation factor (Arf) binding protein of unknown function. It is identical to the Rab11 binding protein eferin/Rab11-FIP3, and we show it binds both Arf5 and Rab11. We describe a related protein, arfophilin-2, that interacts with Arf5 in a nucleotide-dependent manner, but not Arf1, 4, or 6 and also binds Rab11. Arfophilin-2(More)
Low grade chronic inflammation as reflected by increased C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations independently predicts those at risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes. Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are insulin resistant and have increased risk for CHD and type 2 diabetes, but currently there are no data on markers of(More)
Lipid rafts are microdomains present within membranes of most cell types. These membrane microdomains, which are enriched in cholesterol and glycosphingolipids, have been implicated in the regulation of certain signal transduction and membrane traffic pathways. To investigate the possibility that lipid rafts organize exocytotic pathways in neuroendocrine(More)