Gwenola Bougras

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The mechanism by which some BH3-only proteins of the Bcl-2 family directly activate the "multidomain" proapoptotic member Bax is poorly characterized. We report that the first alpha helix (Halpha1) of Bax specifically interacts with the BH3 domains of Bid and PUMA but not with that of Bad. Inhibition of this interaction, by a peptide comprising Halpha1 or(More)
OBJECTIVES Interleukin (IL) 34 is a new cytokine implicated in macrophage differentiation and osteoclastogenesis. This study assessed IL-34 expression in the tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Immunohistochemistry was performed in synovial biopsies from patients with RA (n=20), osteoarthritis (n=3) or other inflammatory arthritis(More)
O-Acetyl-GD2 ganglioside is suitable antigen for tumor immunotherapy with specific therapeutic antibody. Here, we investigate the anti-tumor activity of O-acetyl-GD2-specific monoclonal antibody 8B6 on O-acetyl-GD2-positive tumor cells. The results indicated that mAb 8B6 induced growth inhibition of O-acetyl-GD2-expressing tumor cell lines in vitro with(More)
DCs hold promise for cancer immunotherapy due to their functional ambivalence: iDCs internalize antigens, then mDCs trigger naive T-cell activation. However, no consensus has been reached concerning the optimal mode of antigen acquisition for efficient cross-priming of TAA-specific CTLs, and this remains a field of investigation. Here, we used highly(More)
The Bax protein (Bcl-2-associated X protein) is pivotal for the apoptotic process. Bax, which resides in an inactive form in the cytosol of healthy cells, is activated during the early stages of apoptosis and becomes associated with mitochondria through poorly understood mechanisms. In this study, we show that a family of bioactive lipids, namely(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are activated by pathogens, cytokines and activated T cells. We investigated the impact of a transient initial DC stimulation on the kinetics of maturation using a combination of double-stranded RNA and TNFα and subsequent restimulation by T cell-derived stimuli. Transient stimulation of DC was sufficient to start an irreversible(More)
BACKGROUND Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be maintained over extended periods of time before activation and differentiation. Little is known about the programs that sustain the survival of these cells. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Undifferentiated adult human MSCs (hMSCs) did not undergo apoptosis in response to different cell death inducers. Conversely,(More)
Apoptosis is a physiologic process in normal development, tissue remodeling and cell turnover. This cell death is noninflammatory and nonimmunogenic, but when associated with a danger signal, it can activate the immune system. However, the capacity of apoptotic cells to activate the immune system is not clearly established, although dead tumor cells have(More)
Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a primary bone tumor characterized by a chromosomic translocation between the EWS gene and a member of the ETS gene family, mainly FLI1, which leads to an aberrant transcription factor EWS-FLI1 that promotes tumorigenicity. Gap junctions are intercellular channels composed of transmembrane proteins (connexin: Cx), that allow direct(More)
PURPOSE Osteosarcoma is the main malignant primary bone tumor in children and adolescents for whom the prognosis remains poor, especially when metastasis is present at diagnosis. Because transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) has been shown to promote metastasis in many solid tumors, we investigated the effect of the natural TGFβ/Smad signaling inhibitor Smad7(More)