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Oxidative stress has become an exciting area of research on schizophrenia, which is a highly prevalent condition that affects approximately 1% of the worldwide population. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which are considered metabolic biomarkers of increased oxidative stress, have a pathogenic role in the development and progression of different(More)
We compared alexithymia and depression ratings for non-hospitalized women meeting DSM-IV criteria for anorexia nervosa (n=32) and bulimia nervosa (n=32) to ratings for healthy women (n=74). Alexithymia was evaluated by the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and depression by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). TAS and HAD scores were(More)
The aim of the present study is to present a model of depressive vulnerability centered on anhedonia. After a review of the literature, we suggest a specific symptomatic profile associating anhedonia, introversion, low sensation-seeking, autonomy, dysfunctional attitudes, high displeasure capacity, obsessive-compulsive features, passitivity and pessimism.(More)
A French version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 Items (TAS-20) was factor-analyzed on a sample of 263 university students and its factor solution analyzed along with the studies using the Canadian version. Our results show a two-factor solution where the items rating the difficulty to identify feelings and the items rating the difficulty to describe(More)
OBJECTIVE Several cross-sectional studies have reported high levels of alexithymia in populations with eating disorders. However, only few studies, fraught with multiple methodological biases, have assessed the prognostic value of alexithymic features in these disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term prognostic value of(More)
The factorial structure of the French version of the twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was studied in a group of 183 healthy subjects. The TAS-20 represents the latest revised version of the TAS. His psychometric characteristics are clearly superior than the others alexithymia scales. Our subjects filled out the TAS whose 14 items are common(More)
Impaired ability of identifying mental states is a characteristic of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. In particular, people suffering from this illness tend to fail at attributing a belief to another, which has been linked to difficulties in changing interpersonal perspective. Following the view of Relational Frame Theory on perspective-taking skills, the(More)
This article presents an overview of anhedonia, the lowered ability to experience pleasure, in Parkinson's disease (PD). The definition, measurement, relationships with depression and apathy in PD, treatment, and hyperhedonia related to impulse-control disorder are presented and discussed. The authors present the value of a more circumscribed definition of(More)
OBJECTIVE The 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) measures three intercorrelated dimensions of alexithymia: (1) difficulties identifying feelings (DIF), (2) difficulties describing feelings (DDF), and (3) externally oriented thinking (EOT). The aim of the study was to test the three-factor model of the TAS-20 using confirmatory factorial analyses(More)
The prevalence of alexithymia in 46 inpatients with alcohol abuse or dependence was 67.4%. Pretreatment characteristics predicting outcome at 15 months were determined. At the 15-month time point, 67.4% of patients met criteria for abuse or alcohol dependence and 32.6% were abstinent. In patients who relapsed, the total score for the 20-item Toronto(More)