Gwennan Ll Jones

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Many patients undergoing long-term bladder catheterisation experience blockage and encrustation of their catheters. The problem stems from infection by urease producing bacteria, particularly Proteus mirabilis. Bacterial biofilms colonise the catheters, the activity of urease raises the pH and induces the deposition of calcium and magnesium phosphate(More)
In the process of endourological development a variety of foreign bodies have been invented besides urinary catheters, on which biofilm can be formed. Bacteria in the biofilm are less susceptible to antibiotics. An additional problem of medical biomaterials in the urinary tract environment is the development of encrustation and consecutive obstruction. The(More)
The ultrastructure and composition of the extracellular matrices (ECMs) associated with germ tubes and appressoria ofColletotrichum lindemuthianum have been examined. Flexuous fibres (fimbriae), up to 6 μm long and 4–30 nm in diameter, protruded from the surface of germ tubes and appressoria. Anionic colloidal gold and lectin cytochemistry showed that ECMs(More)
Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are critical regulatory enzymes in cyclic nucleotide signaling. PDEs have diverse expression patterns within the central nervous system (CNS), show differing affinities for cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), and regulate a vast array of behaviors. Here, we investigated the expression(More)
OBJECTIVES The aac(6')-Ib-cr gene has been described in plasmids from CTX-M-15-producing Escherichia coli in the worldwide ST131 lineage, but has not been systematically sought in other quinolone-resistant strains in the UK. A rise in quinolone resistance in bacteraemia isolates in the UK preceded the increased prevalence of CTX-M-producing strains. This(More)
Further evidence for the inclusion of polythionates in the pathway of thiosulphate oxidation by members of the genus Thiobacillus is presented. Manometric experiments showed tetrathionate oxidation to be a stage in thiosulphate oxidation by suspensions of T. thioparus and T. thiocyanoxidans. Thiobltcillus thioparus accumulated a sufficient concentration of(More)
Clinical isolates of Proteus mirabilis causing catheter encrustation and blockage are susceptible to the biocide triclosan (MICs of 0.2 mg/liter). Studies with laboratory models of the bladder have demonstrated that the inflation of catheter retention balloons with triclosan solutions rather than water results in the diffusion of triclosan from the balloons(More)
Many organisms do not contain the necessary biochemical armoury to carry out the initial oxidative attack of many pollutant chemicals. In the present study, Acinetobacter sp. strain BD413 has been genetically engineered to express the cytochrome P450 xenobiotic-metabolising enzyme CYP105D1 from Streptomyces griseus that has in its repertoire a diverse array(More)