Gwenn S. Smith

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OBJECTIVE Alzheimer disease (AD) is characterized by functional impairment in the neural elements and circuits underlying cognitive and memory functions. We hypothesized that fornix/hypothalamus deep brain stimulation (DBS) could modulate neurophysiological activity in these pathological circuits and possibly produce clinical benefits. METHODS We(More)
Bilateral decreases in striatal 11C-raclopride binding were observed in adult female baboons with high resolution PET following administration of drugs that act centrally on dopaminergic neurons. At baseline and following administration of d-amphetamine (a dopamine-releasing drug), GBR-12909 (a potent dopamine reuptake inhibitor), or tetrabenazine (a(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) neuron and neurotransmitter loss in normal aging and neuropsychiatric diseases of late life may contribute to behavioral changes commonly observed in the elderly population. Extensive evidence implicates a deficit in serotonergic neurotransmission in the development of major depression. It has been further suggested that the age-related(More)
Extensive neuroanatomical, neurophysiological, and behavioral evidence demonstrates that GABAergic neurons inhibit endogenous dopamine release in the mammalian corpus striatum. Positron emission tomography (PET) studies in adult female baboons, using the dopamine D2-specific radiotracer 11C-raclopride, were undertaken to assess the utility of this imaging(More)
Positron emission tomography and in vivo microdialysis were used to study serotonin's role in modulating striatal dopamine. Serial PET studies were performed in adult female baboons at baseline and following drug treatment, using the dopamine (D2) selective radiotracer, 11C-raclopride. The serotonergic system was manipulated by administration of the(More)
UNLABELLED It remains a matter of controversy as to whether cerebral perfusion declines with healthy aging. In vivo imaging with PET permits quantitative evaluation of brain physiology; however, previous PET studies have inconsistently reported aging reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen metabolism, and glucose metabolism. In part, this may be(More)
Subanesthetic doses of the noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist ketamine exacerbate psychosis in schizophrenic patients, and ketamine has significant abuse liability. These observations indicate that a secondary effect of ketamine may be to increase dopamine concentrations. The present study was undertaken using positron emission tomography(More)
BACKGROUND Anorexia nervosa is characterised by a chronic course that is refractory to treatment in many patients and has one of the highest mortality rates of any psychiatric disorder. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been applied to circuit-based neuropsychiatric diseases, such as Parkinson's disease and major depression, with promising results. We aimed(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the DYT1 genotype is associated with a disorder of anatomical connectivity involving primarily the sensorimotor cortex. We used diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) to assess the microstructure of white matter pathways in mutation carriers and control subjects. Fractional anisotropy (FA), a measure of axonal(More)
The serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) has been associated with vulnerability to stress-induced depressive symptoms and with the speed and rate of response to antidepressant treatment. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the association between the 5-HTTLPR and the functional response of the serotonin system as measured by the(More)