Gwendolyn L. Carroll

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate adequacy of analgesia provided by postoperative administration of butorphanol to cats undergoing onychectomy. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. ANIMALS 63 cats undergoing elective onychectomy. PROCEDURE Cats were randomly assigned to a treatment (n = 42) or control group (21). Cats in the treatment group were given butorphanol(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate propofol for induction and maintenance of anesthesia, after detomidine premedication, in horses undergoing abdominal surgery for creation of an experimental intestinal adhesion model. STUDY DESIGN Prospective study. ANIMALS Twelve horses (424 +/- 81 kg) from 1 to 20 years of age (5 females, 7 males). METHODS Horses were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate disposition of fentanyl in goats after IV and transdermal administration. ANIMALS 8 healthy 2-year-old goats weighing 31.8 to 53.6 kg (mean+/-SD, 40.4+/-7.5 kg). PROCEDURE Each goat was given 2 treatments consisting of fentanyl administered IV (2.5 microg/kg of body weight) and via a transdermal patch (50 microg/h). There was a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate efficacy and safety of using transdermal fentanyl patches (TFP) for analgesia in cats undergoing onychectomy. DESIGN Randomized controlled clinical trial. ANIMALS 45 client-owned cats weighing > or = 2.7 kg (5.9 lb) undergoing onychectomy, onychectomy and ovariohysterectomy, or onychectomy and castration. PROCEDURE Cats were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate disposition of a single dose of butorphanol in goats after intravenous (IV) and intramuscular (IM) administration and to relate behavioral changes after butorphanol administration with plasma concentrations. DESIGN Randomized experimental study. ANIMALS Six healthy 3-year-old neutered goats (one male and five female) weighing 46.5(More)
This study compared three methods of pain relief in dogs that had total ear canal ablation with lateral bulla osteotomy. The hypothesis was that systemic opioids with preoperative local nerve blocks would provide superior pain relief. Thirty-one dogs with chronic otitis externa were included in the study. Dogs were randomly assigned to one of three(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the safety and efficacy of propofol, after detomidine-butorphanol premedication, for induction and anesthetic maintenance for carotid artery translocation and castration or ovariectomy in goats. STUDY DESIGN Case series. ANIMALS Nine 4-month-old Spanish goats (17.1 +/- 2.6 kg) were used to evaluate propofol anesthesia for carotid(More)
Six ponies were used to investigate the effect of tolazoline antagonism of detomidine on physiological responses, behavior, epinephrine, norepinephrine, cortisol, glucose, and free fatty acids in awake ponies. Each pony had a catheter inserted into a jugular vein 1 hour before beginning the study. Awake ponies were administered detomidine (0.04 mg/kg(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of preemptive administration of meloxicam or butorphanol in cats undergoing onychectomy or onychectomy and neutering. DESIGN Randomized controlled study. ANIMALS 64 female and 74 male cats that were 4 to 192 months old and weighed 1.09 to 705 kg (2.4 to 15.5 lb). PROCEDURE Cats received(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate disposition of butorphanol after i.v. and i.m. administration, effects on physiologic variables, and analgesic efficacy after i.m. administration in llamas. DESIGN Nonrandomized crossover study. ANIMALS 6 healthy adult male llamas. PROCEDURE Butorphanol (0.1 mg/kg [0.045 mg/lb] of body weight) was administered i.m. first and i.v.(More)