Gwendolen C Reilly

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Recently fluid flow has been shown to be a potent physical stimulus in the regulation of bone cell metabolism. However, most investigators have applied steady or pulsing flow profiles rather than oscillatory fluid flow, which occurs in vivo because of mechanical loading. Here oscillatory fluid flow was demonstrated to be a potentially important physical(More)
Allogeneic bone grafts are frequently sterilized by means of ionizing radiation. We investigated the effects of ionizing radiation on both quasistatic and impact mechanical properties of human bone. Specimens from four paired femora of four donors received doses of 29.5 kGy ("standard," frequently used by tissue banks), 94.7 kGy ("high"), or 17 kGy ("low")(More)
One of the recent paradigm shifts in stem cell biology has been the discovery that stem cells can begin to differentiate into mature tissue cells when exposed to intrinsic properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM), such as matrix structure, elasticity, and composition. These parameters are known to modulate the forces a cell can exert upon its matrix.(More)
MLO-A5 cells are a fully differentiated osteoblastic cell line with the ability to rapidly synthesise mineralised extracellular matrix (ECM). We used MLO-A5 cells to develop a system for studying the mechanical modulation of bone matrix formation in 3D using a cyclic compressive loading stimulus. Polyurethane (PU) open cell foam scaffolds were seeded with(More)
During locomotion, the anterior cortex of the equine radius is loaded predominantly in tension, the posterior predominantly in compression. The anterior cortex is relatively strong in tension, the posterior in compression. We investigated the pattern of failure of specimens from the two cortices using laser scanning confocal microscopy. All specimens were(More)
Exercise can have a profound effect on bone mass, but little is known of its effect on bone's material properties. In this experiment, our hypothesis was that a large difference in the training regimen of young thoroughbreds would produce a measurable difference in the mechanical properties of their bone material. When they were about 19 months old, eight(More)
Bone is removed or replaced in defined locations by targeting osteoclasts and osteoblasts in response to its local history of mechanical loading. There is increasing evidence that osteocytes modulate this targeting by their apoptosis, which is associated with locally increased bone resorption. To investigate the role of osteocytes in the control of(More)
Matrix production by tissue-engineered bone is enhanced when the growing tissue is subjected to mechanical forces and/or fluid flow in bioreactor culture. Cells deposit collagen and mineral, depending upon the mechanical loading that they receive. However, the molecular mechanisms of flow-induced signal transduction in bone are poorly understood. The(More)
BACKGROUND Several synthetic and natural matrices have been described for tissue engineering of bladder but there is little information on the effects of processing on their subsequent mechanical performance or interaction with human cells. AIM Our aim was to assess the effects of delamination, decellularization and sterilization on the mechanical(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are well known to induce bone formation in animal models and can promote osteogenesis in cultures of multipotential mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) isolated from rat and mouse bone marrow. However, clinical trials of BMPs suggest that BMPs are relatively ineffective inducers of osteogenesis in humans. Recent studies from our(More)