Gwendalyn D King

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The cytoplasmic C-terminus of APP plays critical roles in its cellular trafficking and delivery to proteases. Adaptor proteins with phosphotyrosine-binding (PTB) domains, including those in the X11, Fe65, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-interacting protein (JIP) families, bind specifically to the absolutely conserved -YENPTY- motif in the APP C-terminus(More)
Ubiquitin-specific protease 14 (USP14) is one of three proteasome-associated deubiquitinating enzymes that remove ubiquitin from proteasomal substrates prior to their degradation. In vitro evidence suggests that inhibiting USP14’s catalytic activity alters the turnover of ubiquitinated proteins by the proteasome, although whether protein degradation is(More)
The amyloid β precursor protein (APP) is a single-pass transmembrane glycoprotein that is ubiquitously expressed in many cell types, including neurons. Amyloidogenic processing of APP by β- and γ-secretases leads to the production of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides that can oligomerize and aggregate into amyloid plaques, a characteristic hallmark of Alzheimer's(More)
The neuronal adaptor X11alpha interacts with the conserved -GYENPTY- sequence in the C-terminus of amyloid precursor protein (APP) or its Swedish mutation (APPswe) to inhibit Abeta40 and Abeta42 secretion. We hypothesized that the -YENP- motif essential for APP endocytosis is also essential for X11alpha-mediated effects on APP trafficking and metabolism,(More)
Neurons are particularly vulnerable to perturbations in endo-lysosomal transport, as several neurological disorders are caused by a primary deficit in this pathway. In this report, we used positional cloning to show that the spontaneously occurring neurological mutation teetering (tn) is a single nucleotide substitution in hepatocyte growth factor-regulated(More)
While overall DNA methylation decreases with age, CpG-rich areas of the genome can become hypermethylated. Hypermethylation near transcription start sites typically decreases gene expression. Klotho (KL) is important in numerous age-associated pathways including insulin/IGF1 and Wnt signaling and naturally decreases with age in brain, heart, and liver(More)
The phosphotyrosine binding domain of the neuronal protein X11alpha/mint-1 binds to the C-terminus of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and inhibits catabolism to beta-amyloid (Abeta), but the mechanism of this effect is unclear. Coexpression of X11alpha or its PTB domain with APPswe inhibited secretion of Abeta40 but not APPsbetaswe, suggesting inhibition of(More)
Without the age-regulating protein klotho, mouse lifespan is shortened and the rapid onset of age-related disorders occurs. Conversely, overexpression of klotho extends mouse lifespan. Klotho is most abundant in kidney and expressed in a limited number of other organs, including the brain, where klotho levels are highest in choroid plexus. Reports vary on(More)
Klotho is an anti-aging protein with direct effects on life-span in mice. Klotho functions to regulate pathways classically associated with longevity including insulin/IGF1 and Wnt signaling. Decreased Klotho protein expression is observed throughout the body during the normal aging process. While increased methylation of the Klotho promoter is reported,(More)
Although antibodies are commercially available to allow investigation into the biology of the age-regulating protein Klotho, problems with antibody specificity and application functionality are significant barriers to progress. Chief among these limitations is the inability of current tools to allow in vivo validation of binding partners originally(More)