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We describe methods to quantify epidermal nerve fibers (ENFs) in skin biopsy specimens from diabetic candidates for pancreas transplantation and control subjects. ENFs and the dermal-epidermal basement membrane were stained by immunohistochemical methods, imaged with a confocal microscope, and quantified using a neuron tracing system. The number of ENFs per(More)
We used immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy applied to fingertip punch biopsy to study glabrous skin innervation in 14 healthy subjects. In addition to epidermal nerve fibers, we quantified mechanoreceptors and their myelinated afferents. Using digital images and dedicated software, we calculated caliber, internodal and nodal length, and G-ratio of(More)
We used a murine model to investigate functional interactions between tumors and peripheral nerves that may contribute to pain associated with cancer. Implantation of fibrosarcoma cells in and around the calcaneus bone produced mechanical hyperalgesia of the ipsilateral paw. Electrophysiological recordings from primary afferent fibers in control and(More)
UNLABELLED Desensitization of nociceptive sensory nerve endings is the basis for the therapeutic use of capsaicin in neuropathic pain syndromes. This study evaluated the pharmacodynamic effects of a single 60-minute application of NGX-4010, a high-concentration (8% w/w) capsaicin patch, on both thighs of healthy volunteers. Epidermal nerve fiber (ENF)(More)
Using immunohistochemical procedures numerous nerve fibers have been found in all cell layers of human epidermis. These nerves originate from nerve trunks in the dermis, enter the epidermis, then divide distally to eventually end in small enlargements, near the surface of the skin and in deeper areas. Some endings may be external to stratum granulosum(More)
Secreting tubules, nerves fibers, and blood vessels in human sweat glands (SGs) were fluorescently stained by immunohistochemical and lectin methods for examination with a laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM). Using these techniques, the three-dimensional distribution of up to three substances within a single specimen was investigated by collecting a(More)
Capsaicin applied topically to human skin produces itching, pricking and burning sensations due to excitation of nociceptors. With repeated application, these positive sensory responses are followed by a prolonged period of hypalgesia that is usually referred to as desensitization, or nociceptor inactivation. Consequently, capsaicin has been recommended as(More)
Bioresorbable collagen nerve guides filled with either magnetically aligned type I collagen gel or control collagen gel were implanted into 4- or 6-mm surgical gaps created in the sciatic nerve of mice and explanted 30 and 60 days postoperation (dpo) for histological and immunohistochemical evaluation. The hypothesis was that contact guidance of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Vascular ectasia in port wine stain birthmarks (PWS) might result from reduced innervation with loss of autonomic stimulation. We investigated this theory and evaluated nerve and blood vessel density, and mean blood vessel size in untreated and treated PWS skin. METHODS Skin biopsy specimens were obtained from uninvolved skin,(More)
This study was performed to assess cutaneous nerve fibre loss in conjunction with temperature and sweating dysfunction in familial dysautonomia (FD). In ten FD patients, we determined warm and cold thresholds at the calf and shoulder, and sweating in response to acetylcholine iontophoresis over the calf and forearm. Punch skin biopsies from calf and back(More)