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Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is used for maxillofacial imaging. 3D virtual planning of orthognathic and facial orthomorphic surgery requires detailed visualisation of the interocclusal relationship. This study aimed to introduce and evaluate the use of a double CBCT scan procedure with a modified wax bite wafer to augment the 3D virtual skull model(More)
This study evaluated whether measurements on conventional frontal radiographs are comparable with measurements on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)-constructed frontal cephalometric radiographs taken from dry human skulls. CBCT scans and conventional frontal cephalometric radiographs were made of 40 dry skulls. With I-Cat Vision((R)) software, a(More)
This study reviewed the literature on cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) imaging of the oral and maxillofacial (OMF) region. A PUBMED search (National Library of Medicine, NCBI; revised 1 December 2007) from 1998 to December 2007 was conducted. This search revealed 375 papers, which were screened in detail. 176 papers were clinically relevant and were(More)
In 3D photographs the bony structures are neither available nor palpable, therefore, the bone-related landmarks, such as the soft tissue gonion, need to be redefined. The purpose of this study was to determine the reproducibility and reliability of 49 soft tissue landmarks, including newly defined 3D bone-related soft tissue landmarks with the use of 3D(More)
The purpose of this study was to present a new innovative three-dimensional (3-D) cephalometric method. Part I deals with the set-up and validation of a voxel-based semi-automatic 3-D cephalometric reference system. The CT data (DICOM 3.0 files) of 20 control patients with normal skeletal relationships were used for this study. To investigate accuracy and(More)
The aim of this study was to present a new approach to acquire a three-dimensional virtual skull model appropriate for orthognathic surgery planning without the use of plaster dental models and without deformation of the facial soft-tissue mask. A "triple" cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan procedure with triple voxel-based rigid registration was(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this report was to present an integrated 3-dimensional (3D) virtual approach toward cone-beam computed tomography-based treatment planning of orthognathic surgery in the clinical routine. MATERIALS AND METHODS We have described the different stages of the workflow process for routine 3D virtual treatment planning of orthognathic(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) virtual planning of orthognathic surgery requires detailed visualization of the interocclusal relationship. The purpose of this study was to introduce the modification of the double computed tomography (CT) scan procedure using a newly designed 3D splint in order to obtain a detailed anatomic 3D virtual augmented model of the skull. A(More)
A detailed visualization of the dental occlusion in 3D image-based planning environments for oral and maxillofacial planning is important. With CT imaging however, this occlusion is often deteriorated by streak artifacts caused by amalgam fillings. Moreover, more detailed surface information at the level of the dental cuspids is often desired. In this(More)
Cleft lip and palate patients can present with a maxillary retrusion with tendency to Class III malocclusion after cleft repair. Maxillary distraction osteogenesis is a technique that provides simultaneous skeletal advancement and expansion of the soft tissues. Six nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate patients, ages 12 to 16 years (mean, 13.8 years), underwent(More)