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Deacetoxycephalosporin C synthetase (expandase) from Cephalosporium acremonium (Acremonium chrysogenum) was purified to near homogeneity as judged by SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. The enzyme (Mr about 40,000) exhibited a pH optimum around 7.5. It required 2-oxoglutarate (Km 0.04 mM), Fe2+ and O2 as cofactors, and ascorbate and dithiothreitol were(More)
A model system was developed for evaluating the efficacy of disinfectants for inactivating bacteria present in biofilms on surfaces within dairy factory environments. Mixed culture biofilms of six dairy factory isolates (pseudomonads, coliforms and presumptive staphylococci) were generated on factory floor tiles and subjected to up to three fouling and(More)
The human LD78 protein (sometimes referred to as human macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha) has been shown to protect multipotential hemopoietic stem cells from the effects of cytotoxic agents. Administration of the recombinant stem cell inhibitor molecule LD78 as an adjunct to chemotherapy has potential clinical benefit in reducing or preventing the(More)
The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine is a world-leading centre for research and postgraduate education in public and global health, with 3,500 students and more than 1,000 staff working in over 100 countries. The School was recently named the world's leading research-focused graduate school (Thomson Reuters / Times Higher Education) and has been(More)
A pilot plant-scale cheese-milk pasteurisation plant was designed and constructed to study the development of biofilms of Streptococcus thermophilus during pasteurisation of milk, and to investigate methods for preventing this growth from occurring. Under base run conditions, S. thermophilus grew on surfaces in the cool-down sections of the pilot plant,(More)
beta-Lactamases, enzymes that catalyse the hydrolysis of the beta-lactam ring in beta-lactam antibiotics, are divided into three classes, A, B and C, on the basis of the structures so far determined. There are relatively few effective inhibitors of class C beta-lactamases. A beta-lactam sulphone with a hydroxybenzyl side chain, namely(More)
1. The levels of hepatic microsomal monooxygenase in sea birds were determined using organochlorine substrates. Levels of cytochrome P450 and organochlorine residues were also measured. 2. The razorbill (Alca torda) and puffin (Fratercula arctica) showed highly variable activities which were resolved into multiple peaks on frequency diagrams. 3. The most(More)
Several methods for the estimation of thermal diffusivity are studied in this work. In many application scenarios, the thermal diffusivity is unknown and must be estimated in order to perform other estimation functions (e.g., tracking of the physical phenomenon, or solving other inverse problems like localization or sensor variance, etc.). In particular, we(More)