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Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a life-threatening complication of hemotherapy. We report a series of 90 TRALI reactions in 81 patients secondary to transfusion with whole blood platelets (72 reactions), apheresis platelets (2), packed red cells (15), and plasma (1). The overall prevalence was 1 in 1120 cellular components. To examine the(More)
Structural hemoglobin (Hb) variants typically are based on a point mutation in a globin gene that produce a single amino acid substitution in a globin chain. Although most are of limited clinical significance, a few important subtypes have been identified with some frequency. Homozygous Hb C and Hb S (sickle cell disease) produce significant clinical(More)
A 33-year-old woman of Indian origin presented for pre-natal care at term. An ultrasound report from earlier in her pregnancy indicated complete placenta previa and placenta increta, which were confirmed by repeat ultra-sound. She was admitted to the hospital for monitoring and delivery planning. On admission, brown vaginal spotting was noted on the(More)
BACKGROUND Febrile non-hemolytic transfusion reactions (FNHTRs) are a common complication of platelet concentrate (PC) and RBC transfusions, usually ascribed to cytokines released by WBCs and perhaps the platelets themselves during storage. Prestorage WBC reduction should abrogate the accumulation of these cytokines reducing the number of FNHTRs. STUDY(More)
Healthy African Americans are known to have reduced white blood cell counts (WBC) and absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) compared with European Americans, with little agreement about the levels in reference intervals. The objective is to establish race-specific reference intervals for WBC and ANC using US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(More)
Body mass index (BMI), the prevalent indicator of obesity, is not easily grasped by patients nor physicians. Waist circumference (WC) is correlated to obesity, is better understood and has a stronger relationship to the metabolic syndrome. We compiled WC, complete blood count (CBC) parameters as well as other pertinent data of 6766 25-55-year-old US(More)
Most applications of Bayes theorem in computer-aided diagnosis have been to situations involving the differential diagnosis of a small list of disease categories. In the case of the diagnosis of cerebral tumours, if each tumour type in each main anatomical situation is counted as a single diagnosis, there are about 100 possible disease categories. This(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria is a serious infectious disease. According to the World Health Organization, it is responsible for nearly one million deaths each year. There are various techniques to diagnose malaria of which manual microscopy is considered to be the gold standard. However due to the number of steps required in manual assessment, this diagnostic method(More)